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Parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion is regulated by a cell surface Ca2+ receptor that detects small changes in the level of plasma Ca2+. Because this G protein-coupled receptor conceivably provides a distinct molecular target for drugs useful in treating bone and mineral-related disorders, we sought to design small organic molecules that act on the Ca2+(More)
Several serines present in transmembrane domain V are conserved among members of the G-protein-coupled receptor family that bind catecholamines. Two of these serines that are present in the beta-adrenergic receptor were previously shown by site-directed mutagenesis to affect agonist binding and receptor activation (Strader, C. D., Candelore, M. R., Hill, W.(More)
Generating highly selective probes to interrogate protein kinase function in biological studies remains a challenge, and new strategies are required. Herein, we describe the development of the first highly selective and cell-permeable inhibitor of c-Src, a key signaling kinase in cancer. Our strategy involves extension of traditional inhibitor design by(More)
Loss-of-function mutations in the human melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) are associated with obesity. Previous work has implicated a C-terminal di-isoleucine motif at residues 316/317 in MC4R cell surface targeting. It was therefore of interest to examine function and cell surface expression of an MC4R mutation found in an obese proband in which one of these(More)
Receptors for dopamine are present on horizontal cells of fish retina that are linked to the activation of adenylate cyclase. In the present study, the goldfish (Carassius auratus) gene that encodes these receptors, referred to as gfD1, was isolated and analyzed. A single open reading frame within the gfD1 gene encodes a protein of 363 amino acids that is(More)
Parathyroid cells, C-cells, and certain cells in the kidney express a cell surface calcium (Ca2+) receptor which enables these cells to detect and respond to changes in the concentration of extracellular Ca2+. This receptor protein is a member of the G protein-coupled receptor superfamily and shares limited sequence homology only with metabotropic glutamate(More)
We have developed a modular approach to bisubstrate inhibition of protein kinases. We apply our methodology to c-Src and identify a highly selective bisubstrate inhibitor for this target. Our approach has yielded the most selective c-Src inhibitor to date, and the methodology to render the bisubstrate inhibitor cell-permeable provides a highly valuable tool(More)
125I-Bolton Hunter-cholecystokinin octapeptide (BH-CCK8) and (-)-[3H]L-364718 membrane binding assays were used to identify and characterize cholecystokinin (CCK) receptors in CHP212 human neuroblastoma cells. The ligand binding properties of CCK receptors in these cells are similar to those found in pancreas (CCK-A sites) and differ from the predominant(More)
Substrate-competitive kinase inhibitors represent a promising class of kinase inhibitors, however, there is no methodology to selectively identify this type of inhibitor. Substrate activity screening was applied to tyrosine kinases. By using this methodology, the first small-molecule substrates for any protein kinase were discovered, as well as the first(More)
(-)-[3H]L364718 membrane binding assays were employed to localize and characterize cholecystokinin (CCK)-A binding sites in rat and cow brain. Specific binding was detected in all brain areas tested, but in all areas of rat brain and most areas of cow brain the level was too low to allow characterization of the ligand binding specificity of these sites.(More)