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STUDY OBJECTIVES To determine the relationship between diagnosed and treated COPD and the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) hospitalization and mortality. DESIGN Retrospective matched cohort study. SETTING Northern California Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program (KPNC), a comprehensive prepaid integrated health-care system. PATIENTS OR(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have characterized recent population trends in the incidence and outcomes of myocardial infarction. METHODS We identified patients 30 years of age or older in a large, diverse, community-based population who were hospitalized for incident myocardial infarction between 1999 and 2008. Age- and sex-adjusted incidence rates were(More)
The natural history of Chiari I malformation in children remains unclear. A population-based retrospective cohort study was therefore conducted. Radiology reports from all head and spine magnetic resonance imaging scans (n = 5248) performed among 741,815 children under age 20 within Kaiser Northern California, 1997-1998, were searched for Chiari I. Medical(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Statins reduce infarct size in animal models of stroke and have been hypothesized to improve clinical outcomes after ischemic stroke. We examined the relationship between statin use before and during stroke hospitalization and poststroke survival. METHODS We analyzed records from 12 689 patients admitted with ischemic stroke to any(More)
Effective management of populations with asthma requires methods for identifying patients at high risk for adverse outcomes. The aim of this study was to develop and validate prediction models that used computerized utilization data from a large health-maintenance organization (HMO) to predict asthma-related hospitalization and emergency department (ED)(More)
OBJECTIVES Effective outpatient care is believed to prevent hospitalization and emergency department (ED) visits resulting from childhood asthma. The aim of this study was to suggest priority areas for intervention by identifying outpatient management practices associated with the risk of these adverse outcomes in a large population. METHODS This(More)
Accurate projections of future demand require constant updates of current data. This article reviews the most recent usage data for primary total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in a community-based hospital system with 3.2 million members. We used administrative databases to determine plan membership, surgical volume, and age-adjusted incidence rates for TJA from(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the contribution of three provider practices to underimmunization of children with financial coverage for vaccines. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study of children in a large health maintenance organization, based on computerized databases and chart review. SETTING Large health maintenance organization in northern California. (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cardiac injury is common after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and is associated with adverse early outcomes, but long-term effects are unknown. The first aim of this study was to compare the long-term rates of death, stroke, and cardiac events in SAH survivors versus a matched population without SAH. The second aim was to quantify the(More)
BACKGROUND Combined hormonal contraceptives (CHCs) place women at increased risk of venous thromboembolic events (VTEs) and arterial thrombotic events (ATEs), including acute myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke. There is concern that three recent CHC preparations [drospirenone-containing pills (DRSPs), the norelgestromin-containing transdermal patch(More)