Michael E. Samuels

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Rural racial/ethnic minorities constitute a forgotten population. The limited research addressing rural Black, Hispanic, and American Indian/Alaska Native populations suggests that disparities in health and in health care access found among rural racial/ethnic minority populations are generally more severe than those among urban racial/ethnic minorities. We(More)
BACKGROUND Data for this study came from South Carolina 1995 Hospital Inpatient Encounter Data Base. The population figures were 1995 South Carolina population estimates. METHODS We examined patient sociodemographic characteristics and costs associated with adult and pediatric ambulatory care sensitive condition (ACSC) hospitalization in South Carolina.(More)
BACKGROUND The increased risk of common infectious diseases associated with child day care attendance may vary by age, health plan and parent educational level. This study determined quantitatively the risk of diarrhoeal illness and upper respiratory infection (URI) among day-care children in comparison with home-care children. It examined the extent of(More)
The reliability of a five-item Katz's Activities of Daily Living (ADL) scale collected by self-report telephone interview is presented. A random sample of 6,472 South Carolina residents over 55 years of age selected from a statewide population is used. Factor structure, Guttman properties, internal consistency reliability, Mokken's index of test(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine factors affecting the job satisfaction of registered nurses (RNs). BACKGROUND A growing recognition of job dissatisfaction among RNs in South Carolina hospitals has contributed to current problems with recruitment and retention. If administrators identify factors influencing RNs' job satisfaction in hospitals and implement strategies(More)
The authors study the association between physician leadership styles and leadership effectiveness. Executive directors of community health centers were surveyed (269 respondents; response rate = 40.9 percent) for their perceptions of the medical director's leadership behaviors and effectiveness, using an adapted Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (43(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine associations between management training of physician executives and their leadership styles, as well as effectiveness in achieving disease management goals. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional national survey. METHODS Executive directors of community health centers (269 respondents; response rate = 40.9%) were surveyed regarding their(More)
BACKGROUND Since 1970, the National Health Service Corps (NHSC) has worked to increase primary care access among underserved groups. This study examined whether NHSC alumni physicians were likely to treat a high proportion of Medicaid patients in their practices. METHODS Using licensure files and hospital discharge data, we identified all physicians(More)
The purposes of this study were to examine the relationship between dietary behavior and self-perceived health status and to demonstrate the relative significance of people's socioeconomic characteristics in relation to their dietary behavior. Data came from the 1994 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System of South Carolina. Descriptive statistics were(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined pediatric hospitalizations to assess personal and community factors affecting potentially preventable ambulatory care-sensitive condition (ACSC) hospitalizations. METHODS Data came from the South Carolina 1998 Hospital Inpatient Encounter Database, which yielded 10,156 ACSC discharges among 81,808 pediatric hospitalizations. Analyses(More)