Michael E. Paulaitis

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Neurofilaments (NFs) have been proposed to interact with one another through mutual steric exclusion of their unstructured C-terminal "sidearm" domains, producing order in axonal NF distributions and conferring mechanical strength to the axon. Here we apply theory developed for polymer brushes to examine the relationship between the brush properties of the(More)
Probabilities of numbers of ligands proximal to an ion lead to simple, general formulae for the free energy of ion selectivity between different media. That free energy does not depend on the definition of an inner shell for ligand-counting, but other quantities of mechanistic interest do. If analysis is restricted to a specific coordination number, then(More)
Intrinsically disordered proteins are an important class of proteins with unique functions and properties. Here, we have applied a support vector machine (SVM) trained on naturally occurring disordered and ordered proteins to examine the contribution of various parameters (vectors) to recognizing proteins that contain disordered regions. We find that a SVM(More)
When the axon of a motor neuron is sectioned and visualized by electron microscopy, a two-dimensional distribution of neurofilaments (NFs) with nonrandom spacing is revealed; this ordered arrangement implies the presence of physical interactions between the NFs. To gain insight into the molecular basis of this organization, we characterized NF distributions(More)
A theoretical approach is developed to quantify hydrophobic hydration and interactions on a molecular scale, with the goal of insight into the molecular origins of hydrophobic effects. The model is based on the fundamental relation between the probability for cavity formation in bulk water resulting from molecular-scale density fluctuations, and the(More)
The thermodynamic exclusion of Na+ relative to K+ in potassium channels is examined by calculating the distribution of binding energies for Na+ and K+ in a model of the selectivity filter of the KcsA potassium channel. These distributions are observed to take a surprisingly simple form: Gaussian with a slight positive skewness that is insignificant in the(More)
The contribution of solutewater correlations to the entropy of solution of monatomic, hydrophobic solutes in water is calculated by Monte Carlo simulations using an expansion in terms of multiparticle correlation functions. The solute-water orientational correlations are found to decay linearly with intermolecular distance andvirtually vanish in the second(More)
This note is in response to a comment by Smith et al. regarding the correct expression for the solvation entropy of a simple, hydrophobic solute at infinite dilution in water. They argue that the expression given in Lazaridis and Paulaitisl should be supplemented by a term describing the change in water-water pair correlations upon insertion of the solute.(More)
Anti-dengue T-cell responses have been implicated in both protection and immunopathology. However, most of the T-cell studies for dengue include few epitopes, with limited knowledge of their inter-serotype variation and the breadth of their human leukocyte antigen (HLA) affinity. In order to expand our knowledge of HLA-restricted dengue epitopes, we(More)
The osmotic second virial coefficient, B(2), obtained by light scattering from protein solutions has two principal components: the Donnan contribution and a contribution due to protein-protein interactions in the limit of infinite dilution. The Donnan contribution accounts for electroneutrality in a multicomponent solution of (poly)electrolytes. The(More)