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Motoneurons in the spinal cord have intrinsic voltage-dependent persistent inward currents (PICs; e.g. persistent calcium currents) that amplify synaptic inputs by three- to five-fold in addition to providing a sustained excitatory drive that allows motoneurons to fire repetitively following a brief synaptic excitation. In this study, we examined whether… (More)
Motor-evoked potentials (MEP) in the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle were shown to be facilitated by repetitive electrical stimulation of the common peroneal (CP) nerve at intensities above motor threshold. The TA electromyogram (EMG) and ankle flexion force were recorded in response to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the leg area of the motor… (More)
Following spinal cord injury (SCI), prolonged muscle spasms are readily triggered by brief sensory stimuli. Animal and indirect human studies have shown that a substantial portion of the depolarization of motoneurons during a muscle spasm comes from the activation of persistent inward currents (PICs). The brief (single pulse) sensory stimuli that trigger… (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) demonstrates ischemic tissue with high sensitivity. Although low cerebral blood volume (CBV) is also used as a marker for infarction, the quantitative relationship between diffusion abnormalities and CBV is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that CBV would decrease proportionally to the apparent diffusion… (More)
This article describes a single case of migraine headaches misdiagnosed as idiopathic intracranial hypertension in a young woman. The implications of such a diagnosis are discussed. Literature regarding normal intracranial pressure is reviewed.