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CONTEXT Polymorphisms in genes involved in regulation, biosynthesis, metabolism, and actions of testicular sex hormones may influence hormone balance and phenotype of aging men. OBJECTIVE We investigated the relationships between polymorphisms in genes related to pituitary-testicular endocrine function and health status. DESIGN AND SETTING Using(More)
OBJECTIVE Having demonstrated short-term weight loss with liraglutide in this group of obese adults, we now evaluate safety/tolerability (primary outcome) and long-term efficacy for sustaining weight loss (secondary outcome) over 2 years. DESIGN A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 20-week study with 2-year extension (sponsor unblinded at 20(More)
We sought to determine the influence of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in RANKL, RANK, and OPG on volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) and bone geometry at the radius in men. Pairwise tag SNPs (r (2) ≥ 0.8) for RANKL (n = 8), RANK (n = 44), and OPG (n = 22) and five SNPs near RANKL and OPG strongly associated with areal BMD(More)
Low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels have been linked with depressive symptoms among adults in various clinical settings. Data in generally healthy, community-dwelling individuals remain inconclusive. We investigated whether depression was associated with 25(OH)D and/or PTH in a sample of middle-aged and(More)
BACKGROUND Although there is evidence that vitamin D inadequacy may be linked to adverse cognitive outcomes, results from studies on this topic have been inconsistent. The aim of this trial was to examine the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels and cognitive performance in middle-aged and older European men. METHODS This(More)
Although it has been suggested that antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinaemia in schizophrenic patients may lead to an increased risk of osteoporosis, this has not been proven. Osteoporosis is a multifactorial disease, and untreated patients with schizophrenia are at risk due to both the consequences of the disease and related lifestyle factors. Evidence(More)
CONTEXT The individual variability in the waning androgenic-anabolic functions of aging men may be influenced by the CAG repeat polymorphism in exon 1 of the androgen receptor (AR), affecting androgen sensitivity. However, findings on its phenotypic effects are inconclusive. OBJECTIVE The aim was to investigate the relationships between health status,(More)
  • M E Lean
  • 2000
Any intervention which causes negative energy balance is guaranteed to be efficacious in producing weight loss, which will continue while there is negative energy balance or be maintained as long as the new energy balance is maintained. In clinical practice compliance is rarely 100% so the efficiency of even the most efficacious treatment is usually low.(More)
BACKGROUND Liraglutide 3.0 mg, with diet and exercise, produced substantial weight loss over 1 year that was sustained over 2 years in obese non-diabetic adults. Nausea was the most frequent side effect. OBJECTIVE To evaluate routinely collected data on nausea and vomiting among individuals on liraglutide and their influence on tolerability and body(More)
The effects of moderate red wine consumption on the antioxidant status and indices of lipid peroxidation and oxidative stress associated with CHD were investigated. A randomised, controlled study was performed with twenty free-living healthy volunteers. Subjects in the red wine group consumed 375 ml red wine daily for 2 weeks. We measured the total(More)