Michael E Hoffer

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The effects of a combination of two antioxidant compounds were studied in a chinchilla model of noise-induced hearing loss. After obtaining baseline hearing thresholds using inferior colliculus evoked potentials, chinchillas were exposed for 6 h to octave band noise centered at 4 kHz (105 dB SPL). Post-noise thresholds were obtained 1 h after the noise(More)
OBJECTIVES The safety of the Otologics Fully-Implantable MET Ossicular Stimulator was assessed in adult patients with bilateral moderate to severe sensorineural hearing loss. METHODS Surgical implantation of the ossicular stimulator was performed. A repeated-measure, within-subjects design assessed safety and aided sound field thresholds and speech(More)
The pathologic similarities noted after ototoxic and/or traumatic injury to the cochlea as well as the key features of the cochlea that make it susceptible to reactive oxygen species (ROS) damage are reviewed. Recent evidence linking ROS to cochlear damage associated with both ototoxins and/or trauma are presented. Mechanisms of generation of ROS in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the safety of the Otologics fully implantable hearing system after 1 year of use in a Phase I clinical trial. STUDY DESIGN Repeated-measures within-subjects design. SETTING Procedures were performed in a variety of facilities, including a university, military, and private hospital's ambulatory surgical center and outpatient clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) secondary to blast exposure is the most common battlefield injury in Southwest Asia. There has been little prospective work in the combat setting to test the efficacy of new countermeasures. The goal of this study was to compare the efficacy of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) versus placebo on the symptoms associated(More)
OBJECTIVE To treat patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNL) who failed oral prednisone therapy by using a round window membrane (RWM) microcatheter. This topical delivery strategy sought to improve effectiveness of steroid treatment to the inner ear by targeting drug delivery to the RWM. STUDY DESIGN Nonrandomized prospective design. (More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize vestibular and related symptoms seen after blast exposure. STUDY DESIGN Prospective single-subject design. SETTINGS Tertiary care facility and military field hospital. PATIENTS Active-duty US Military personnel exposed to blast(s) in Iraq and/or Afghanistan. INTERVENTIONS Vestibular function tests, auditory tests, and a(More)
The vestibules of adult guinea pigs were lesioned with gentamicin and then treated with perilymphatic infusion of either of two growth factor mixtures (i.e., GF I or GF II). GF I contained transforming growth factor alpha (TGFalpha), insulin-like growth factor type one (IGF-1), and retinoic acid (RA), whereas GF II contained those three factors and(More)
The search for a safe, effective treatment for the vertigo associated with Meniere's disease has long been an important topic in otolaryngology. In recent years many groups have begun using intratympanic gentamicin to treat this vertigo. Although reported cure rates are as high as 90%, many questions remain regarding this type of treatment. Current(More)