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A two-dimensional, J-resolved magnetic resonance spectroscopic extraction approach was developed employing GAMMA-simulated, LCModel basis-sets. In this approach, a two-dimensional J-resolved (2D-JPRESS) dataset was resolved into a series of one-dimensional spectra where each spectrum was modeled and fitted with its theoretically customized LCModel template.(More)
Brain stimulation for the treatment of psychiatric disorders has received increasing attention over the past decade. The introduction of experimental means to stimulate the brain noninvasively with magnetic fields not only has raised interest in these novel means of modulating brain activity but also has refocused attention on a mainstay in the treatment of(More)
Racemic fluoxetine consists of R- and S-fluoxetine, which are metabolized to R- and S-norfluoxetine, respectively. This study was designed to compare brain levels achieved with R-fluoxetine to those achieved with racemic fluoxetine in healthy subjects using fluorine-19 (19-F) magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). In all, 13 healthy volunteers received(More)
Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy has the potential to provide valuable information about alterations in gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glutamate (Glu), and glutamine (Gln) in psychiatric and neurological disorders. In order to use this technique effectively, it is important to establish the accuracy and reproducibility of the methodology. In this(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors' goal was to determine if there is an association between brain-to-serum lithium ratios and age. METHOD Lithium-7 magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to measure in vivo brain lithium levels in nine children and adolescents (mean age=13.4 years, SD=3.6) and 18 adults (mean age=37.3, SD=9.1) with bipolar disorder. RESULTS Serum(More)
Dynamic susceptibility contrast magnetic resonance imaging (DSC MRI) can be used to generate high resolution maps of cerebral blood volume (CBV). To determine the test-retest reliability, CBV was measured in eight volunteers on two occasions, separated by 4 weeks. The mean ratio (scan 2/scan 1) for 72 cortical regions of interest (ROIs) was 1.03, with a(More)
OBJECTIVE This study tested whether a relationship exists between concentration and response following discontinuation of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. METHOD Eight patients with remitted major depression who were taking 20 mg/day of either fluoxetine or paroxetine underwent placebo substitution for 3 days. Serum drug and brain fluorine levels(More)
BACKGROUND Regional brain activity was measured before and after electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) using [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET). METHODS 6 patients (4 females) with major depression were free of psychotropic medications for at least 2 weeks prior to baseline FDG scans. Patients were treated with bifrontotemporal(More)
Despite decades of intensive research, the development of a diagnostic test for major depressive disorder (MDD) had proven to be a formidable and elusive task, with all individual marker-based approaches yielding insufficient sensitivity and specificity for clinical use. In the present work, we examined the diagnostic performance of a multi-assay,(More)
We developed a small animal embolic stroke model for pharmacological screening trials. Microspheres are injected into the carotid circulations and group embolus dose-response relationships are calculated. Emboli quantity is related to neurologic injury, and small changes in neurologic function are detectable. Rabbits tolerated twice as many microspheres(More)