Michael E. Harris

Learn More
The levels of histone mRNA increase 35-fold as selectively detached mitotic CHO cells progress from mitosis through G1 and into S phase. Using an exogenous gene with a histone 3' end which is not sensitive to transcriptional or half-life regulation, we show that 3' processing is regulated as cells progress from G1 to S phase. The half-life of histone mRNA(More)
RNA editing is a novel RNA processing event of unknown mechanism that results in the introduction of nucleotides not encoded in the DNA into specific RNA molecules. We have examined the post-transcriptional addition of nucleotides into the mitochondrial RNA of Trypanosoma brucei. Utilizing an isolated organelle system we have determined that addition of(More)
Bacterial ribonuclease P (RNase P), an endonuclease involved in tRNA maturation, is a ribonucleoprotein containing a catalytic RNA. The secondary structure of this ribozyme is well established, but comparatively little is understood about its 3-D structure. In this analysis, orientation and distance constraints between elements within the Escherichia coli(More)
The aim of this study was to identify multicomponent complexes involved in kinetoplastid mitochondrial mRNA editing. Mitochondrial extracts from Trypanosoma brucei were fractionated on 10-30% glycerol gradients and assayed for RNAs and activities potentially involved in editing, including pre-edited mRNA, guide RNA (gRNA), endonuclease, terminal(More)
Bacterial RNA polymerase and a "sigma" transcription factor form an initiation-competent "open" complex at a promoter by disruption of about 14 base pairs. Strand separation is likely initiated at the highly conserved -11 A-T base pair. Amino acids in conserved region 2.3 of the main Escherichia coli sigma factor, sigma(70), are involved in this process,(More)
RNA editing in the mitochondrion of kinetoplastid protozoa results in the posttranscriptional addition and deletion of uridine residues in mRNAs. Editing of mRNAs can lead to the formation of initiation codons for mitochondrial translation, the correction of frame-shifted genes at the RNA level, and in extensively edited mRNAs, the formation of complete(More)
The ribonucleoprotein enzyme RNase P processes all pre-tRNAs, yet some substrates apparently lack consensus elements for recognition. Here, we compare binding affinities and cleavage rates of Escherichia coli pre-tRNAs that exhibit the largest variation from consensus recognition sequences. These results reveal that the affinities of both consensus and(More)
The bacterial tRNA processing enzyme ribonuclease P (RNase P) is a ribonucleoprotein composed of a approximately 400 nucleotide RNA and a smaller protein subunit. It has been established that RNase P RNA contacts the mature tRNA portion of pre-tRNA substrates, whereas RNase P protein interacts with the 5' leader sequence. However, specific interactions with(More)
The steady-state levels of the mitochondrial ribosomal RNAs of Trypanosoma brucei are repressed in the early bloodstream developmental stage of the parasite and accumulate approximately 30-fold during differentiation to the stage found in the midgut of the insect vector. In order to determine the mechanism regulating this developmental process, we have(More)
RNA editing in the kinetoplastid Trypanosoma brucei results in the addition and deletion of uridine residues within several mitochondrial mRNAs. The site and number of uridines added appears to be directed by small (approximately 70 nt) guide RNAs (gRNAs), which can base pair to the edited sequences. We examined reactions involving synthetic cytochrome b(More)