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Ischemic preconditioning (Pre-con) is an adaptive response triggered by a brief ischemia applied before a prolonged coronary occlusion. We tested the hypothesis that repetitive ischemia applied during early reperfusion, i.e., postconditioning (Post-con), is cardio-protective by attenuating reperfusion injury. In anesthetized open-chest dogs, the left(More)
OBJECTIVE This study tested the hypothesis that brief cycles of iterative ischemia-reperfusion at onset of reperfusion (termed "postconditioning", post-con) delays washout of intravascular adenosine and thereby increases endogenous adenosine receptor (AR) activation during the early moments of reperfusion (R). METHODS Isolated mouse hearts were subjected(More)
Reperfusion injury is a complex process involving several cell types (endothelial cells, neutrophils, and cardiomyocytes), soluble proinflammatory mediators, oxidants, ionic and metabolic dyshomeostasis, and cellular and molecular signals. These participants in the pathobiology of reperfusion injury are not mutually exclusive. Some of these events take(More)
OBJECTIVES A series of brief coronary artery reperfusions and reocclusions applied during the early minutes of coronary artery reflow ("postconditioning") attenuates reperfusion injury. However, it is not known whether brief ischemia-reperfusion applied to a distant organ at the onset of myocardial reperfusion (i.e. "remote postconditioning", remote PostC)(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) has been used in off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) to reduce potential injury secondary to ligation of the target vessel. Previous studies have shown that a brief period of repetitive coronary occlusion applied at the onset of reperfusion, postconditioning (postcon), attenuates myocardial injury. This(More)
BACKGROUND Despite improved results with surgical therapy for acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD), there remains a lack of consensus regarding the optimal method of cerebral protection and circulation management during ATAAD. The purpose of this study is to determine whether in the setting of antegrade cerebral perfusion, moderate hypothermic circulatory(More)
OBJECTIVE We previously showed that brief intermittent ischemia applied during the onset of reperfusion (i.e., postconditioning) is cardioprotective in a canine model of ischemia-reperfusion. This study tested the hypothesis that the early minutes of reperfusion (R) during which postconditioning (Post-con) is applied are critical to its cardioprotection. (More)
We have shown that intermittent interruption of immediate reflow at reperfusion (i.e., postconditioning) reduces infarct size in in vivo models after ischemia. Cardioprotection of postconditioning has been associated with attenuation of neutrophil-related events. However, it is unknown whether postconditioning before reoxygenation after hypoxia in cultured(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetes mellitus has been associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting. Hemoglobin A1c is a reliable measure of long-term glucose control. It is unknown whether adequacy of diabetic control, measured by hemoglobin A1c, is a predictor of adverse outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting. (More)
A sequence of intermittent interruptions of oxygen supply (i.e., postconditioning, Postcon) at reoxygenation reduces oxidant-induced cardiomyocyte loss. This study tested the hypothesis that prevention of cardiomyocyte apoptosis by Postcon is mediated by mitogen-activated protein kinases pathways. Primary cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were exposed to(More)