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Ischemic preconditioning (Pre-con) is an adaptive response triggered by a brief ischemia applied before a prolonged coronary occlusion. We tested the hypothesis that repetitive ischemia applied during early reperfusion, i.e., postconditioning (Post-con), is cardio-protective by attenuating reperfusion injury. In anesthetized open-chest dogs, the left(More)
OBJECTIVE This study tested the hypothesis that brief cycles of iterative ischemia-reperfusion at onset of reperfusion (termed "postconditioning", post-con) delays washout of intravascular adenosine and thereby increases endogenous adenosine receptor (AR) activation during the early moments of reperfusion (R). METHODS Isolated mouse hearts were subjected(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) has been used in off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) to reduce potential injury secondary to ligation of the target vessel. Previous studies have shown that a brief period of repetitive coronary occlusion applied at the onset of reperfusion, postconditioning (postcon), attenuates myocardial injury. This(More)
Reperfusion injury is a complex process involving several cell types (endothelial cells, neutrophils, and cardiomyocytes), soluble proinflammatory mediators, oxidants, ionic and metabolic dyshomeostasis, and cellular and molecular signals. These participants in the pathobiology of reperfusion injury are not mutually exclusive. Some of these events take(More)
OBJECTIVE We previously showed that brief intermittent ischemia applied during the onset of reperfusion (i.e., postconditioning) is cardioprotective in a canine model of ischemia-reperfusion. This study tested the hypothesis that the early minutes of reperfusion (R) during which postconditioning (Post-con) is applied are critical to its cardioprotection. (More)
OBJECTIVES A series of brief coronary artery reperfusions and reocclusions applied during the early minutes of coronary artery reflow ("postconditioning") attenuates reperfusion injury. However, it is not known whether brief ischemia-reperfusion applied to a distant organ at the onset of myocardial reperfusion (i.e. "remote postconditioning", remote PostC)(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of the degree of renal dysfunction (RD) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) ranging from normal to dialysis-dependence is not well defined. METHODS A retrospective review of 14,199 patients undergoing isolated, primary CABG from January 1996 to May 2009 at Emory Healthcare was performed. The estimated(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of left ventricular dysfunction and other risk factors on short- and mid-term outcomes after aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis. METHODS From January 1, 2002, to December 31, 2007, 773 consecutive patients underwent primary aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis at a single(More)
Hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) combines bypass grafting of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of non-LAD vessels. HCR has been performed as an alternative to CABG or multi-vessel PCI in thousands of patients since the late 1990s. In this review article, we provide an overview on patient(More)
BACKGROUND Despite improved results with surgical therapy for acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD), there remains a lack of consensus regarding the optimal method of cerebral protection and circulation management during ATAAD. The purpose of this study is to determine whether in the setting of antegrade cerebral perfusion, moderate hypothermic circulatory(More)