Michael E. Grossmann

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Prostate cancer is the second most prevalent cancer in males in the United States. Standard therapy relies on removing, or blocking the actions of, androgens. In most cases, this therapy results in a regression of the cancer because the prostate and most primary prostate tumors depend on androgens for growth and the avoidance of apoptosis. However, a(More)
Obesity is a risk factor for postmenopausal breast cancer. Adiponectin/Acrp30 is lower in obese individuals and may be negatively regulating breast cancer growth. Here we determined that five breast cancer cell lines, MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-361, MCF-7, T47D, and SK-BR-3, expressed one or both of the Acrp30 receptors. In addition, we found that the addition of(More)
There is now substantial evidence that overweight and/or obesity and/or weight gain are risk factors for the development of postmenopausal breast cancer. In addition, obesity and/or elevated body mass index at breast cancer diagnosis has a negative impact on prognosis for both premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Therefore, understanding the mechanism of(More)
Chronic caloric restriction (CCR) prevents mammary tumorigenesis in rodents, but a protective effect for intermittent caloric restriction (ICR) is less well documented. We recently reported that ICR reduced mammary tumor (MT) incidence of mouse mammary tumor virus-transforming growth factor (MMTV-TGF)-alpha mice to a greater extent than did CCR. Here, we(More)
Pomegranate extracts have been used as anticancer agents and they contain a large number of potentially bioactive substances. Punicic acid is an omega-5 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid found in Punica granatum (pomegranate) seed oil. A number of long chain fatty acids have been reported to have cancer preventive actions. Here we investigated the(More)
Using differential display polymerase chain reaction, early growth response gene alpha (EGR alpha) was first isolated as a 291-base pair 3'-cDNA clone, which was highly expressed in the androgen-independent prostate carcinoma cell lines PC3 and DU145, as compared with the androgen-responsive prostate carcinoma cell line LNCaP. Full length cloning of the EGR(More)
Although heat-shock protein 70 (Hsp70) has been considered an intracellular protein, we report that Hsp70 is secreted under normal cell culture conditions by human prostate cell lines, LAPC-4, PC-3, CWR-22, RWPE-1 and -2, LNCaP, and TRAMP (transgenic adenocarcinoma mouse prostate)-C2. We found that the secretion can be enhanced by transfection with cDNA(More)
Defining specific cellular and molecular mechanisms in most obesity-related diseases remains an important challenge. Here we report a serendipitous finding that consumption of a high-fat diet (HFD) greatly increased the occurrence of skin lesions in C57BL/6 mice. We demonstrated that HFD induced the accumulation of a specific type of CD11c(+) macrophages in(More)
Obesity is a risk factor for postmenopausal breast cancer (BC), but the specific mechanisms for this relationship are not well understood. Studies on adipocyte-derived adiponectin and leptin reveal opposing effects on BC cell proliferation in vitro, suggesting they may play a role in BC pathogenesis. In the current study we examined effects on proliferation(More)