Michael E Ford

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Bacteriophages are the most abundant organisms in the biosphere and play major roles in the ecological balance of microbial life. The genomic sequences of ten newly isolated mycobacteriophages suggest that the bacteriophage population as a whole is amazingly diverse and may represent the largest unexplored reservoir of sequence information in the biosphere.(More)
We report DNA and predicted protein sequence similarities, implying homology, among genes of double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) bacteriophages and prophages spanning a broad phylogenetic range of host bacteria. The sequence matches reported here establish genetic connections, not always direct, among the lambdoid phages of Escherichia coli, phage phiC31 of(More)
We report the genome sequence of Bacillus subtilis phage SPO1. The unique genome sequence is 132,562 bp long, and DNA packaged in the virion (the chromosome) has a 13,185-bp terminal redundancy, giving a total of 145,747 bp. We predict 204 protein-coding genes and 5 tRNA genes, and we correlate these findings with the extensive body of investigations of(More)
The antimycobacterial compound ethambutol [Emb; dextro-2,2'-(ethylenediimino)-di-1-butanol] is used to treat tuberculosis as well as disseminated infections caused by Mycobacterium avium. The critical target for Emb lies in the pathway for the biosynthesis of cell wall arabinogalactan, but the molecular mechanisms for drug action and resistance are unknown.(More)
We report the complete genome DNA sequences of HK97 (39,732 bp) and HK022 (40,751 bp), double-stranded DNA bacteriophages of Escherichia coli and members of the lambdoid or lambda-like group of phages. We provide a comparative analysis of these sequences with each other and with two previously determined lambdoid family genome sequences, those of E. coli(More)
Mycobacteriophage TM4 is a dsDNA-tailed phage that infects both fast-growing and slow-growing strains of mycobacteria. While TM4 has been used extensively for the construction of mycobacterial shuttle phasmids and for the delivery of reporter genes and transposons into mycobacterial cells, little is known about its genetics or molecular biology. We describe(More)
Marine Synechococcus spp and marine Prochlorococcus spp are numerically dominant photoautotrophs in the open oceans and contributors to the global carbon cycle. Syn5 is a short-tailed cyanophage isolated from the Sargasso Sea on Synechococcus strain WH8109. Syn5 has been grown in WH8109 to high titer in the laboratory and purified and concentrated retaining(More)
N15 is a temperate bacteriophage that forms stable lysogens in Escherichia coli. While its virion is morphologically very similar to phage lambda and its close relatives, it is unusual in that the prophage form replicates autonomously as a linear DNA molecule with closed hairpin telomeres. Here, we describe the genomic architecture of N15, and its global(More)
Mycobacteriophage D29 is a lytic phage that infects both fast and slow-growing mycobacterial species. The complete genome sequence of D29 reveals that it is a close relative of the temperate mycobacteriophage L5, whose sequence has been described previously. The overall organization of the D29 genome is similar to that of L5, although a 3.6 kb deletion(More)
The generalized transducing double-stranded DNA bacteriophage ES18 has an icosahedral head and a long noncontractile tail, and it infects both rough and smooth Salmonella enterica strains. We report here the complete 46,900-bp genome nucleotide sequence and provide an analysis of the sequence. Its 79 genes and their organization clearly show that ES18 is a(More)