Michael E . Fant

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Cord sera were obtained from 44 term, human infants exhibiting various patterns of intrauterine growth and were assayed for IGF-1, IGF-2, and IGFBP-1, 2, and 3 by specific RIAs. Serum levels were correlated with birth weight (BW), ponderal index (PI), and placental weight (PW). Total IGF-1 levels correlated significantly with BW (r = 0.392), PW (r = 0.351),(More)
Endothelin-1 (Et-1) stimulated DNA synthesis in placental fibroblasts in a dose-dependent manner, as measured by [3H]thymidine incorporation (ED50, 0.2-0.3 ng/mL). Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) interacted synergistically with Et-1 to potentiate the stimulation of DNA synthesis. Additionally, Et-1 stimulated the turnover of phosphoinositides in a(More)
The HLA class Ib antigen, HLA-G, is highly expressed in early gestation placentas where it is believed to modulate maternal-fetal immunological interactions. In this study, soluble isoforms (sHLA-G) encoded by intron 4-retaining transcripts were identified in first trimester placentas by immunohistochemistry using a mAb specific for the C-terminus of(More)
Plac1 is a recently identified, X-linked gene whose expression is restricted primarily to cells of the trophoblast lineage. It localizes to a chromosomal locus previously implicated in placental growth. We therefore sought to determine if Plac1 is necessary for placental and embryonic development by examining a mutant mouse model. Plac1 ablation resulted in(More)
Immunoselection and tumor evasion constitutes one of the major obstacles in cancer immunotherapy. A potential solution to this problem is the development of polyvalent vaccines, and the identification of more tumor-specific antigens is a prerequisite for the development of cancer vaccines. To identify novel tumor-specific antigens, suppression subtractive(More)
PLAC1 is a trophoblast-specific gene that maps to a locus on the X-chromosome important to placental development. We have previously shown that PLAC1 gene expression is linked to trophoblast differentiation. The objective of this study was to define the localization of the PLAC1 polypeptide as a prerequisite to understanding its function. Polyclonal(More)
BACKGROUND Plac1 is an X-linked gene essential for normal placental development. Plac1 ablation is associated with placentomegaly and intrauterine growth retardation. Additionally, Plac1-null mice exhibit reduced postnatal viability. This study was conducted as part of our ongoing examination of the postnatal phenotype associated with Plac1 ablation. (More)
Chaney Lake State Nature Preserve is a 68 ha ephemeral karst lake in southern Warren County, Kentucky (USA). Chaney typically fills with water in the winter as groundwater levels rise and then slowly dries via evaporation and drainage back into the subsurface over the summer months. The lake contains several habitat types, identifiable by the dominant plant(More)
Tissue derived from preterm (9-19 weeks gestation) and term (38-41 weeks gestation) human placentae were examined for their ability to synthesize and secrete insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) in organ culture. IGF-I was measured by a specific RIA, and IGF-II by a rat placental membrane radioreceptor assay. First, explants of placental tissue were(More)
Previous studies have shown that exogenous insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) can stimulate the terminal differentiation of skeletal myoblasts in culture and have established a correlation between the rate and the extent of IGF-II secretion by muscle cell lines and the rate of biochemical and morphological differentiation. To investigate the hypothesis that(More)