Michael E. Busch

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Biofilm formation is essential for Staphylococcus epidermidis pathogenicity in implant-associated infections. Nonetheless, large proportions of invasive Staphylococcus epidermidis isolates fail to form a biofilm in vitro. We here tested the hypothesis that this apparent paradox is related to the existence of superimposed regulatory systems suppressing a(More)
Cell membrane receptors play a central role in controlling cellular functions, making them the target of drugs for a wide variety of diseases. This report describes how a recently developed method, fluorescence intensity distribution analysis (FIDA), can be used to develop homogeneous, nonradioactive high throughput screening assays for membrane receptors.(More)
This paper describes the development of a robust, miniaturizable, and quantitative fluorescence-based assay for mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 7 (MKK7). As a first step, the basic steady-state kinetics of the MKK7-catalyzed phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) 1, 2, and 3 were defined using standard radiometric methods. Subsequently,(More)
Characterization of the molecular basis of tumor recognition by T cells has shown that major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules play a crucial role in presenting antigenic peptide epitopes to cytotoxic T lymphocytes. MHC class Ia downregulation has been repeatedly described on melanoma cells and is thought to be involved in the failure of(More)
We have developed homogeneous miniaturized assays to measure ligand binding to either intact cells or receptor-containing membrane fragments by analysis of particle brightness. As an example, the affinities and inhibition constants of fluorescently labeled interleukin-8 (IL-8) and a low-molecular-weight antagonist toward the receptors CXCR1 and CXCR2, which(More)
The Mediator complex-associated cyclin-dependent kinase CDK8 has been implicated in human disease, particularly in colorectal cancer where it has been reported as a putative oncogene. Here we report the discovery of 109 (CCT251921), a potent, selective, and orally bioavailable inhibitor of CDK8 with equipotent affinity for CDK19. We describe a(More)
The mediator complex-associated cyclin dependent kinase CDK8 regulates β-catenin-dependent transcription following activation of WNT signaling. Multiple lines of evidence suggest CDK8 may act as an oncogene in the development of colorectal cancer. Here we describe the successful optimization of an imidazo-thiadiazole series of CDK8 inhibitors that was(More)
We demonstrate a designed scaffold-hop approach to the discovery of 2,8-disubstituted-1,6-naphthyridine- and 4,6-disubstituted-isoquinoline-based dual CDK8/19 ligands. Optimized compounds in both series exhibited rapid aldehyde oxidase-mediated metabolism, which could be abrogated by introduction of an amino substituent at C5 of the 1,6-naphthyridine(More)
Here we describe the discovery and optimization of 3-benzylindazoles as potent and selective inhibitors of CDK8, also modulating CDK19, discovered from a high-throughput screening (HTS) campaign sampling the Merck compound collection. The primary hits with strong HSP90 affinity were subsequently optimized to potent and selective CDK8 inhibitors which(More)