Michael E. Breton

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PURPOSE To test rigorously the hypothesis that the a-wave of the electroretinogram (ERG) is proportional to the rod photocurrent by examining the applicability to a-waves of a recent model of the activation steps in the G-protein cascade of phototransduction. METHODS ERGs were recorded in response to flashes of graded intensity, from six dark-adapted(More)
Several kinds of light used in vision experiments produce photon statistics that are distinctly non-Poisson. Representative examples are light from a cathode-ray tube and an image-intensifier device. For the class of vision experiments in which the photon statistics play an important role, excess fluctuations produced by such light sources can alter the(More)
PURPOSE To describe and analyze developmental change from birth through maturity of human electroretinogram (ERG) response, especially in terms of rod phototransduction as represented in the ERG a-wave. METHODS Electroretinograms were recorded from 16 human infants from 5 to 270 days of age, two children 1.9 and 3.4 years of age, and 13 older subjects(More)
A new perimetric pattern discrimination test was compared with conventional automated perimetry (Humphrey program 30-2 or Octopus program 32) in glaucoma patients, glaucoma suspects, and control subjects. The new test is based on the rationale that a greater percentage of retinal ganglion cells should be needed to detect a stimulus by its shape, or pattern,(More)
The need for more sensitive tests for the early detection of compromised visual function in glaucoma is established by anatomic and psychophysical evidence of damage occurring to optic nerve fibers in eyes with normal visual fields. The results are reported of temporal frequency testing on 51 glaucoma suspects without visual field loss in either eye, 52(More)
We have carried out a series of frequency-of-seeing experiments similar to those performed by Hecht, Shlaer, and Pirenne [J. Gen. Physiol. 25, 819-840 (1942)], using an Ar+ laser operated at 514.5 nm as the source of light. In certain blocks of trials, our subjects were encouraged to report as seen those trials in which the stimulus might have been present.(More)
The use of tinted lenses as a method to improve reading skills in children with dyslexia has been a controversial issue in recent years. The purpose of the present study was to determine if tinted lenses cause a measurable improvement in the reading performance of dyslexic children. Twenty-four children aged 8 to 12 years participated in the study. Dyslexia(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The use of calcium antagonists in patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) currently is under investigation. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of an acute dose of oral nimodipine, a centrally active calcium antagonist, on spatial contrast sensitivity in patients with NTG and in age-matched control subjects. METHODS(More)
We report normative data for 4- to 12-year-old children using a kinetic perimetry technique that employs a double arc perimeter with a 6-degree target designed for use with infants and children. The subject population consisted of 84 children in four age groups (4, 5, 7, and 10 yrs) and 21 adults as comparison subjects. Individuals had eye examinations to(More)