Michael Duff Davis

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Pregabalin is a synthetic amino acid compound effective in clinical trials for the treatment of post-herpetic neuralgia, diabetic peripheral neuropathy, generalized anxiety disorder and adjunctive therapy for partial seizures of epilepsy. However, the mechanisms by which pregabalin exerts its therapeutic effects are not yet completely understood. In vitro(More)
Neurotensin (NT) has been suggested to be a neuropeptide with therapeutic potential. We used multiple-time regression analysis to measure the unidirectional influx constant (Ki) of a tritiated analog of NT8-13, NT1, with improved metabolic stability. The Ki of [3H]NT1 across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) was 5.12(10(-4)) ml/g-min and was decreased 66% by(More)
The present study determined the biochemical and pharmacological effects of PD 128907 [R-(+)-trans-3,4,4a,10b-tetrahydro-4-propyl-2H,5H- [1]benzopyrano[4,3-b]-1,4-oxazin-9-ol], a dopamine (DA) receptor agonist that shows a preference for the human D3 receptor. In transfected Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO K1), PD 128907 displaced [3H]spiperone in a(More)
Male squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) were surgically prepared with cranial guide cannulae for acute microdialysis sampling of the putamen nucleus, a dopamine (DA)-rich brain region. On the day of an experiment an animal was placed in a Plexiglas restraining chair and a microdialysis probe was inserted through the guide into the putamen. Perfusates of(More)
In order to determine whether repeated cocaine administration produced persistent changes in dopamine (DA) receptor binding and release consistent with behavioral sensitization, rats were treated with either cocaine (25 mg/kg ip) or saline twice daily for 14 consecutive days followed by a 3-d withdrawal period. The DA transporter site was assayed using(More)
Agonists of the neuropeptide neurotensin have been proposed as potential novel antipsychotics based on their ability to modulate neurotransmission in brain regions associated with schizophrenia. To test this hypothesis, we examined the effects of a neurotensin mimetic with improved metabolic stability in an animal model with strong predictive validity for(More)
Short-term in vitro incubation of hypothalamo-hypophyseal tissue from young rats was undertaken to discern more clearly the functional relationship between putative dopaminergic neural projections in the pars intermedia and the secretory activity of melanophore stimulating hormone (MSH). This explant consisted of a portion of the mediobasal hypothalamus(More)
Dopaminergic axons innervating the prefrontal cortex (PFC) target both pyramidal cells and GABAergic interneurons. Many of these dopamine (DA) axons in the rat coexpress the peptide neurotransmitter neurotensin. Previous electrophysiological data have suggested that neurotensin activates GABAergic interneurons in the PFC. Activation of D2-like DA receptors(More)
The human behavioral repertoire greatly exceeds that of nonhuman primates. Anatomical specializations of the human brain include an enlarged neocortex and prefrontal cortex (Semendeferi et al. in Am J Phys Anthropol 114:224–241, 2001), but regional enlargements alone cannot account for these vast functional differences. Hemispheric specialization has long(More)
BACKGROUND Photosensitive epileptic (SZ) baboons demonstrate different cerebral blood flow (CBF) activation patterns from asymptomatic controls (CTL) during intermittent light stimulation (ILS). This study compares "resting" CBF between PS and CTL animals, and CBF correlations with ketamine dose and interictal epileptic discharges (IEDs) between PS and CTL(More)