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The effects of chitin [(1 --> 4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucan] and its partially deacetylated derivatives, chitosans, on the proliferation of human dermal fibroblasts and keratinocytes were examined in vitro. Chitosans with relatively high degrees of deacetylation strongly stimulated fibroblast proliferation while samples with lower levels of(More)
Chitosan has been successfully used as an excipient for trans-epithelial drug delivery systems. It is known to transiently open intercellular tight junctions thus increasing the permeability of an epithelium. In order to investigate the possible role of protein kinases in trans-epithelial delivery, changes in trans-epithelial electrical resistance ('TEER')(More)
Essential cellular functions are often lost under culture in traditional two-dimensional (2D) systems. Therefore, biologically more realistic three-dimensional (3D) cell culture systems are needed that provide mechanical and biochemical cues which may otherwise be unavailable in 2D. For the present study, an alginate-based hydrogel system was used in which(More)
PURPOSE Chitosan has been proposed as a novel excipient for transepithelial drug-delivery systems. Chitosan is thought to disrupt intercellular tight junctions, thus increasing the permeability of an epithelium. The effect of chitosan on tight junction complex was investigated at the molecular level. METHODS Changes in barrier properties of Caco-2 cell(More)
The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) is making a concerted effort to establish standards and guidelines for the entire field of tissue-engineered medical products (TEMPS). Safety, consistency, and functionality of biomaterials used as matrices, scaffolds, and immobilizing agents in TEMPS are a concern. Therefore, the ASTM has established a(More)
Despite aggressive surgery and post-operative radiation and chemotherapy, the prognosis is poor for glioblastoma patients. Anti-angiogenic therapy with compounds such as endostatin could delay the onset of relapse. However, the short systemic half-life of this proteins as well as the blood-brain barrier makes the use of this therapy difficult for brain(More)
The effects of chitin [(1-->4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucan] and its partially deacetylated derivatives, chitosans, on the human dermal fibroblast-mediated contraction of collagen lattices were examined in vitro as a model for the contraction of cutaneous wounds in vivo. Chitosan CL313A, a short-chain-length 89% deacetylated chitosan chloride,(More)
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