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Human serum albumin (HSA) is a protein of 66.5 kDa that is composed of three homologous domains, each of which displays specific structural and functional characteristics. HSA is known to undergo different pH-dependent structural transitions, the N-F and F-E transitions in the acid pH region and the N-B transition at slightly alkaline pH. In order to(More)
Competitive interactions of ochratoxin A (OTA) and several other acidic compounds were utilized to gain insight into the localization of binding sites and the nature of binding interactions between anionic species and human serum albumin (HSA). Depolarization of OTA fluorescence in the presence of a competing anion was used to quantify ligand-protein(More)
The Synechocystis PCC 6803 katG gene encodes a dual-functional catalase-peroxidase (EC 1.11.1.7). We have established a system for the high level expression of a fully active recombinant form of this enzyme. Its entire coding DNA was extended using a synthetic oligonucleotide encoding a hexa-histidine tag at the C-terminus and expressed in Escherichia coli(More)
Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability. The only therapy available is recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, but side effects limit its use. Platelets play a crucial role during stroke, and the inflammatory reaction promotes neurodegeneration. von Willebrand factor (VWF), an adhesion molecule for platelets, is elevated in patients with acute(More)
Acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) has been linked to severe deficiency of ADAMTS-13 activity caused by autoantibodies inhibitory to ADAMTS-13. We report data on a patient with confirmed TTP who had severely reduced ADAMTS-13 activity but showed no ADAMTS-13 inhibition in a widely used fluid phase activity assay. With a newly developed(More)
The metalloprotease ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin-like and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type I repeats 13) cleaves highly adhesive large von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimers after their release from the endothelium. ADAMTS13 deficiency is linked to a life-threatening disorder, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), characterized by platelet-rich(More)
We have established a new, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of ADAMTS13 antigen using purified polyclonal rabbit anti-human ADAMTS13 IgG. Normal plasma ADAMTS13 antigen levels span a concentration of 740-1420 ng/ml (median 1080 ng/ml) resulting in an ADAMTS13 activity to antigen ratio of 0.48 to 1.68 U/mug. In a cohort of HUS(More)
Caspase-14, a cysteine protease with restricted tissue distribution, is highly expressed in differentiated epidermal keratinocytes. Here, we extracted soluble proteins from stratum corneum (SC) of human epidermis and demonstrate that the extract cleaves tetrapeptide caspase substrates. The activity decreased to below 10% when caspase-14 was removed by(More)
Caspase-14 has been implicated in the formation of stratum corneum because of its specific expression and activation in terminally differentiating keratinocytes. However, its precise physiological role and its protein substrate are elusive. We studied the ultrastructural localization of caspase-14 in human epidermis to compare its distribution pattern with(More)