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Human serum albumin (HSA) is a protein of 66.5 kDa that is composed of three homologous domains, each of which displays specific structural and functional characteristics. HSA is known to undergo different pH-dependent structural transitions, the N-F and F-E transitions in the acid pH region and the N-B transition at slightly alkaline pH. In order to(More)
The Synechocystis PCC 6803 katG gene encodes a dual-functional catalase-peroxidase (EC 1.11.1.7). We have established a system for the high level expression of a fully active recombinant form of this enzyme. Its entire coding DNA was extended using a synthetic oligonucleotide encoding a hexa-histidine tag at the C-terminus and expressed in Escherichia coli(More)
In an attempt to systematically dissect the ligand binding properties of human serum albumin (HSA), the gene segments encoding each of its three domains were defined based on their conserved homologous structural motifs and separately cloned into a secretion vector for Pichia pastoris. We were able to establish a generally applicable purification protocol(More)
We have established a new, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of ADAMTS13 antigen using purified polyclonal rabbit anti-human ADAMTS13 IgG. Normal plasma ADAMTS13 antigen levels span a concentration of 740-1420 ng/ml (median 1080 ng/ml) resulting in an ADAMTS13 activity to antigen ratio of 0.48 to 1.68 U/mug. In a cohort of HUS(More)
Human serum albumin (HSA) interacts with a vast array of chemically diverse ligands at specific binding sites. To pinpoint the essential structural elements for the formation of the warfarin binding site on human serum albumin, a defined set of five recombinant proteins comprising combinations of domains and/or subdomains of the N-terminal part were(More)
Competitive interactions of ochratoxin A (OTA) and several other acidic compounds were utilized to gain insight into the localization of binding sites and the nature of binding interactions between anionic species and human serum albumin (HSA). Depolarization of OTA fluorescence in the presence of a competing anion was used to quantify ligand-protein(More)
The macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a proinflammatory cytokine that recently emerged as an attractive therapeutic target for a variety of diseases. A diverse panel of fully human anti-MIF antibodies was generated by selection from a phage display library and extensively analyzed in vitro. Epitope mapping studies identified antibodies(More)
Acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) has been linked to severe deficiency of ADAMTS-13 activity caused by autoantibodies inhibitory to ADAMTS-13. We report data on a patient with confirmed TTP who had severely reduced ADAMTS-13 activity but showed no ADAMTS-13 inhibition in a widely used fluid phase activity assay. With a newly developed(More)
Caspase-14, a cysteine protease with restricted tissue distribution, is highly expressed in differentiated epidermal keratinocytes. Here, we extracted soluble proteins from stratum corneum (SC) of human epidermis and demonstrate that the extract cleaves tetrapeptide caspase substrates. The activity decreased to below 10% when caspase-14 was removed by(More)
The metalloprotease ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin-like and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type I repeats 13) cleaves highly adhesive large von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimers after their release from the endothelium. ADAMTS13 deficiency is linked to a life-threatening disorder, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), characterized by platelet-rich(More)