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The manifestation of repetitive developmental programmes during plant growth can be adjusted in response to various environmental cues. During root development, this means being able to precisely control root growth and lateral root development. Small signalling peptides have been found to play roles in many aspects of root development. One member of the(More)
Flavonoids are ubiquitous in the plant kingdom and have many diverse functions including defense, UV protection, auxin transport inhibition, allelopathy, and flower coloring. Interestingly, these compounds also have considerable biological activity in plant, animal and bacterial systems - such broad activity is accomplished by few compounds. Yet, for all(More)
The Chlamydomonas reinhardtii starch-less mutant, BAF-J5, was found to store lipids up to 65% of dry cell weight when grown photoheterotrophically and subjected to nitrogen starvation. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used as a high-throughput method for semi-quantitative measurements of protein, carbohydrate and lipid content. The fatty acids of(More)
The expression of the auxin responsive reporter construct, GH3:gusA, was examined in transgenic white clover plants to assess changes in the auxin balance during the earliest stages of root nodule formation. Reporter gene expression was monitored at marked locations after the application of bacteria or signal molecules using two precise inoculation(More)
The C-terminally Encoded Peptide (CEP) family of regulatory peptides controls root development in vascular plants. Here, we present the first NMR structures of CEP. We show that root-knot nematode (RKN: Meloidogyne spp.) also encodes CEP, presumably to mimic plant CEP as part of their stereotypic, parasitic interaction with vascular plants. Molecular(More)
Early stages in the infection of leguminous plants by Rhizobium spp. are restricted at low pH and are further influenced by the presence of Ca and Al ions. In the experiments reported here, transcriptional and translational fusions of the Escherichia coli lacZ gene to Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii nodulation (nod) genes were used to investigate(More)
Flavonoids are synthesized in response to developmental and environmental signals and perform many functions in plants. Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) roots grown in complete darkness do not accumulate flavonoids since the expression of genes encoding enzymes of flavonoid biosynthesis is light dependent. Yet, flavonoids accumulate in root tips of plants(More)
A proteomic examination of Sinorhizobium meliloti strain 1021 was undertaken using a combination of 2-D gel electrophoresis, peptide mass fingerprinting, and bioinformatics. Our goal was to identify (i) putative symbiosis- or nutrient-stress-specific proteins, (ii) the biochemical pathways active under different conditions, (iii) potential new genes, and(More)
Flavonoids are low molecular weight secondary plant metabolites with a myriad of functions. As flavonoids affect auxin transport (an important growth-controlling hormone) and are biologically active in eukaryotes, flavonoid mutants were expected to have undescribed architectural phenotypes. The Arabidopsis thaliana transparent testa (tt) mutants are(More)
We report improved method for white clover (Trifolium repens) transformation using Agrobacterium tumefaciens. High efficiencies of transgenic plant production were achieved using cotyledons of imbibed mature seed. Transgenic plants were recovered routinely from over 50% of treated cotyledons. The bar gene and phosphinothricin selection was shown to be a(More)