Michael Dieter Denkinger

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OBJECTIVES To examine whether nursing home residents with concurrent vision and hearing impairment, dual sensory impairment (DSI), have a greater cognitive decline over time than do those without sensory impairment and whether social engagement modifies this association. METHODS Based on the Services and Health for Elderly in Long TERm Care study, 1,989(More)
A sedentary life style has been associated with different types of dementia in several cross sectional, longitudinal, and case-controlled studies. However, randomized controlled trials that support this relationship are rare, have rather few participants, and mainly focus on physical (usually aerobic) exercise. The benefit of an increased physical activity(More)
BACKGROUND A large number of studies have demonstrated a positive effect of increased physical activity (PA) on various health outcomes. In all large geriatric studies, however, PA has only been assessed by interview-based instruments which are all subject to substantial bias. This may represent one reason why associations of PA with geriatric syndromes(More)
OBJECTIVE Fear of falling (FOF) is an important threat to autonomy. Current interventions to reduce FOF have yielded conflicting results. A possible reason for this discrepancy could be its multicausality. Some risk factors may not have been identified and addressed in recent studies. The last systematic review included studies until 2006. METHODS To(More)
BACKGROUND Osteoarthritis (OA), the most common form of arthritis, is a major contributor to functional impairment and loss of independence in older persons. The European Project on OSteoArthritis (EPOSA) is a collaborative study involving six European cohort studies on ageing. This project focuses on the personal and societal burden and its determinants of(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) represents a global public health problem. Few data exist in the elderly. The objective of the current study is to estimate the prevalence of CKD by means of various established and new equations and to identify the main determinants of CKD in elderly. METHODS The ActiFE Ulm (Activity and Function in the Elderly in(More)
BACKGROUND N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) has strong prognostic value for all-cause mortality in the general population. High-sensitivity assays now allow detection of cardiac troponins even in asymptomatic populations. We examined the association between NT-proBNP, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT), and hs-cTnI and(More)
BACKGROUND Fall incidence differs considerably between studies and countries. Reasons may be differences between study samples or different assessment methods. The aim was to derive estimates of fall incidence from two population-based studies among older community-living people in Germany and compare retrospective and prospective falls data collection(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the relationship between physical activity and two measures of fall incidence in an elderly population using person-years as well as hours walked as denominators and to compare these two approaches. DESIGN Prospective cohort study with one-year follow-up of falls using fall calendars. Physical activity was defined as walking(More)
BACKGROUND from a clinical and public health perspective, it is important to understand the influence of seasonality on the serum vitamin D level to adequately assess and interpret an individual measurement. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyse the effects of seasonal conditions on 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) serum levels in a population-based(More)