Michael D. Yudkin

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Genetic experiments have suggested that sigma F, the first compartment-specific transcription factor in sporulating B. subtilis, is regulated by an anti-sigma factor SpoIIAB and an anti-anti-sigma factor SpoIIAA. Previously, we reported biochemical results demonstrating that SpoIIAB is both a phosphokinase whose substrate is SpoIIAA and an inhibitor of(More)
sigmaF, the first compartment-specific transcription factor in sporulating Bacillus subtilis, is negatively regulated by an anti-sigma factor, SpoIIAB. SpoIIAB has an alternative binding partner, SpoIIAA. To see whether (as has been proposed) SpoIIAB's binding preference for SpoIIAA or sigmaF depends on the nature of the adenine nucleotide present, we used(More)
The spo-87 mutation is one of two sporulation mutations originally used to define the spo0J locus of Bacillus subtilis. We now show that it blocks sporulation after completion of prespore engulfment (stage III). Surprisingly, the operon is expressed vegetatively, probably from a sigma A-dependent promoter, and its expression is shut down at the(More)
SigmaB, an alternative sigma-factor of Bacillus subtilis, mediates the response of the cell to a variety of physical insults. Within the environmental stress signalling pathway RsbU, a protein phosphatase, is stimulated by its interaction with the protein kinase RsbT. In the absence of stress RsbT is expected to be trapped by an alternative binding partner,(More)
The establishment of compartment-specific transcription in sporulating cells of B. subtilis is governed at the level of the activity of transcription factor sigma F. Genetic experiments have suggested that SpoIIAA and SpoIIAB, the other products of the sigma F operon, are involved in regulating sigma F activity. This activity is inhibited in the(More)
Sporulation in Bacillus subtilis serves as a model for the development of two different cell types from a single cell. Although much information has been accumulated about the mechanisms that initiate the developmental programmes, important questions remain that can be answered only by quantitative analysis. Here we develop, with the help of existing and(More)
During sporulation in Bacillus subtilis an asymmetric cell division gives rise to unequal progeny called the prepore and the mother cell. Gene expression in the prespore is initiated by cell-specific activation of the transcription factor sigma(F). Three proteins participate in the regulation of sigma(F) activity. The first, SpoIIAB, is an inhibitor of(More)
The establishment of differential gene expression in sporulating Bacillus subtilis involves four protein components, one of which, SpoIIAA, undergoes phosphorylation and dephosphorylation. We have used NMR spectroscopy to determine the solution structure of the nonphosphorylated form of SpoIIAA. The structure shows a fold consisting of a four-stranded(More)
Sigma(B) is an alternative sigma factor that controls the general stress response in Bacillus subtilis. In the absence of stress, sigma(B) is negatively regulated by anti-sigma factor RsbW. RsbW is also a protein kinase which can phosphorylate RsbV. When cells are stressed, RsbW binds to unphosphorylated RsbV, produced from the phosphorylated form of RsbV(More)
In the pathway that controls sigmaB activity, the RsbR-RsbS complex plays an important role by trapping RsbT, a positive regulator of sigmaB of Bacillus subtilis. We have proposed that at the onset of stress, RsbR becomes phosphorylated, resulting in an enhanced activity of RsbT towards RsbS. RsbT is then free to interact with and activate RsbU, which in(More)