Michael D. Wider

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The stomach is stimulated by an enterooxyntin factor in a delayed response to feeding, resulting in an increase in both gastric acid and pepsinogen secretion. We have previously reported on the identity of such a factor from the porcine ileum (Wider, M. D., Vinik, A. I., and Heldsinger, A. (1984) Endocrinology 115, 1484-1491). This protein, termed(More)
BACKGROUND The development in the last decade of noninvasive, near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) analysis of tissue hemoglobin saturation in vivo has provided a new and dramatic tool for the management of hemodynamics, allowing early detection and correction of imbalances in oxygen delivery to the brain and vital organs. DESCRIPTION The theory and(More)
The developmentally regulated hemodynamic effects of vasoactive medications have not been well characterized. We used traditional and near-infrared spectroscopy monitoring technologies and investigated the changes in heart rate, blood pressure, common carotid artery (CCA) blood flow (BF), cerebral, renal, intestinal, and muscle regional tissue O2(More)
Porcine ileal polypeptide, an enterooxyntin isolated from distal small intestinal mucosal epithelium, has been observed to stimulate gastric acid secretion in vivo as well as in vitro (Wider, M.D. et al. (1984) Endocrinology 115, 1484-1491, Wider M.D. et al. (1986) Endocrinology 118, 1546-1550). We report here that porcine ileal polypeptide stimulates both(More)
Porcine ileal mucosa was homogenized and freeze-thawed in 0.05 M NH4HCO3 + 0.01 M EDTA + 1 mM benzamidine hydrochloride at pH 8.6. Subsequent stepwise precipitation with (NH4)2SO4 followed by fractionation on Sephadex G-50 medium and G-50 fine eluted with alkaline buffer and final fractionation on G-50 superfine in 1.0 M acetic acid yielded a pure protein(More)
Antisera against porcine ileal polypeptide (PIP) were raised in New Zealand rabbits and tested in a double antibody immunoassay system. All reactants were diluted in Veronal buffer, pH 8.6, and benzamidine hydrochloride (BzCl) was added to all tubes to a concentration of 1 mM. [125I]PIP was prepared by the lactoperoxidase method, and bound and free were(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in the arterial partial pressure of CO(2) (PaCO(2)) has a direct though transient effect on the cerebral vasculature and cerebral circulation. Decreased PaCO(2) levels lead to vasoconstriction and can result in dangerously low levels of cerebral perfusion that resolve in 4-6 h. It is currently believed that perfusion abnormalities(More)
The effect of somatostatin (SRIF) and of insulin on the plasma levels of immunoreactive glucagon (IRG) and glucose was examined in normal (N) and depancreatized (PX) dogs. The infusion of SRIF (3 microgram/min for 15 min) caused a rapid decrease of the total IRG measured by means of an antiglucanon serum (AGS 10) which cross reacts with extracts of(More)
Extraction of rat submaxillary salivary glands and ileal mucosa yielded a single immunoreactive glucagon component of 25,000 daltons and a major peak of approximately 9,000 daltons respectively. Eviscerated rats with and without functional livers were found to have decreased, but persistent levels of immunoreactive glucagon and total immunoreactive(More)