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Heart disease is a leading cause of death in newborn children and in adults. Efforts to promote cardiac repair through the use of stem cells hold promise but typically involve isolation and introduction of progenitor cells. Here, we show that the G-actin sequestering peptide thymosin beta4 promotes myocardial and endothelial cell migration in the embryonic(More)
Previous studies have suggested that the heart may be capable of limited repair and regeneration in response to a focal injury, while other studies indicate that the mammalian heart has no regenerative capacity. To further explore this issue, we performed a series of superficial and transmural myocardial injuries in C57BL/6 and MRL/MpJ adult mice. At(More)
BACKGROUND Heart disease is a leading cause of mortality throughout the world. Tissue damage from vascular occlusive events results in the replacement of contractile myocardium by nonfunctional scar tissue. The potential of new technologies to regenerate damaged myocardium is significant, although cell-based therapies must overcome several technical(More)
We have recently demonstrated that macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a myocardial depressant protein and that MIF mediates late, prolonged cardiac dysfunction after endotoxin challenge in mice. Because many factors, including endotoxin, have been implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiac dysfunction after burn injury, we tested the hypothesis(More)
The pathophysiology of radiocontrast agent-induced acute renal failure is presently unclear. To test for a possible direct deleterious effect of diatrizoate, a commonly used radiocontrast agent, on renal tubule cells, suspensions enriched in rabbit proximal tubule segments were incubated with sodium diatrizoate. After these manipulations, a variety of(More)
Surgical operations have been shown to cause a variety of immunological disturbances in man both in vivo and in vitro. With few exceptions the overall picture is one of a generalized state of immunodepression in the postoperative period. The implications of these observations are that host defences may be compromised by surgical procedures, thus providing a(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory response syndrome characterized by excessive production of inflammatory cytokines and cardiovascular collapse. Postreceptor signaling events that lead to stress responses and cytokine production are sensitive to redox changes and products of lipid peroxidation. METHODS AND RESULTS We tested the hypothesis that(More)
Transition from a normal to a cancerous state is marked by alterations in the cytoskeletal structure of those cells involved. We have examined such changes to determine if these transitions are markers of disease progression. Cytokeratin (CK) protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression were examined in malignant and benign breast tissues. Flow cytometric(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pluripotent proinflammatory cytokine that is ubiquitously expressed in organs, including the heart. However, no specific role for MIF in modulating cardiac performance has yet been described. Therefore, we examined cardiac MIF expression in mice after LPS challenge (4 mg/kg) and tested the hypothesis that(More)
BACKGROUND While percutaneous device closure (PDC) is a first-line therapy for isolated muscular ventricular septal defects (mVSD), surgery is still the preferred approach for peri-membranous ventricular septal defects (pmVSD). OBJECTIVE We sought to compare the outcomes of percutaneous versus open surgical closure of pmVSDs. METHODS PubMed, Cochrane(More)