Michael D. Watson

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The beta-amyloid peptides, A beta1-42 and A beta1-40, were quantified in ventricular CSF taken daily for up to 3 weeks from six individuals with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). There was considerable interindividual variability in the levels of A beta peptides, but in general A beta1-42 levels equalled or exceeded those of A beta1-40. Averaging the(More)
Chronic brain hypoperfusion (CBH) using permanent occlusion of both common carotid arteries in an aging rat model, has been shown to mimic human mild cognitive impairment (MCI), an acknowledged high risk condition that often converts to Alzheimer's disease. An aging rat model was used to determine whether hippocampal nitric oxide (NO) is abnormally(More)
The increased risk for Alzheimer's Disease (AD) associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI) suggests that environmental insults may influence the development of this age-related dementia. Recently, we have shown that the levels of the beta-amyloid peptide (A beta 1-42) increase in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients after severe brain injury and(More)
The amyloid (Abeta) peptides generated in Hsiao's APP Tg2576 transgenic (Tg) mice are physically and chemically distinct from those characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Transgenic mouse Abeta peptides were purified using sequential size-exclusion and reverse-phase chromatographic systems and subjected to amino acid sequencing and mass spectrometry(More)
Complement proteins are integral components of amyloid plaques and cerebral vascular amyloid in Alzheimer brains. They can be found at the earliest stages of amyloid deposition and their activation coincides with the clinical expression of Alzheimer's dementia. This review will examine the origins of complement in the brain and the role of beta-amyloid(More)
The functional viability of cells can be evaluated using a number of different assay determinants. One common assay involves exposing cells to 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), which is converted intracellularly to a colored formazan precipitate and often used to assess amyloid peptide-induced cytotoxic effects. The MTT(More)
Amyloid plaques are the pathological hallmark of Alzheimer Disease (AD) brains, being found primarily in the hippocampus and neocortex, where AD pathology is most evident. Complement activation is associated with amyloid plaques which are made from fibrils of aggregated amyloid peptides, 39-42 amino acids long. In vitro studies show that aggregated amyloid(More)