Michael D. Walsh

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High-level microsatellite instability (MSI-H) is demonstrated in 10 to 15% of sporadic colorectal cancers and in most cancers presenting in the inherited condition hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). Distinction between these categories of MSI-H cancer is of clinical importance and the aim of this study was to assess clinical, pathological,(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Mutations in BRAF have been linked with colorectal cancers (CRC) showing high level microsatellite instability (MSI-H). However, the distribution of BRAF mutations in MSI-H cancers remains to be clarified with respect to precursor lesions and the CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP). METHODS Forty three hyperplastic polyps (HP), nine(More)
PURPOSE To compare microsatellite instability (MSI) testing with immunohistochemical (IHC) detection of hMLH1 and hMSH2 in colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Colorectal cancers from 1,144 patients were assessed for DNA mismatch repair deficiency by two methods: MSI testing and IHC detection of hMLH1 and hMSH2 gene products. High-frequency MSI (MSI-H)(More)
Although the presence of axillary node metastases in breast cancer is a key prognostic indicator and may influence treatment decisions, a significant proportion of patients diagnosed as axillary node negative (ANN) using standard histopathological techniques may have occult nodal metastases (OMs). A combination of limited step-sectioning (4 x 100 microns(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Sporadic colorectal cancers with a high degree of microsatellite instability are a clinically distinct subgroup with a high incidence of BRAF mutation and are widely considered to develop from serrated polyps. Previous studies of serrated polyps have been highly selected and largely retrospective. This prospective study examined the(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of high level DNA microsatellite instability (MSI-H) in colorectal cancer is associated with an improved prognosis, as is the presence of tumour infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs). It is not clear if TILs contribute directly to the survival advantage associated with MSI-H cancers through activation of an antitumour immune response. (More)
Particular mucinous phenotypes have been associated with serrated epithelial polyps of the colon. These polyps also show a high frequency of DNA instability. The aim of this study was to examine the expression of mucins in colorectal cancers that arise through the suppressor and mutator pathways. The immunohistochemical distribution of the human apomucins(More)
BACKGROUND Germline mutations in MSH6 account for 10%-20% of Lynch syndrome colorectal cancers caused by hereditary DNA mismatch repair gene mutations. Because there have been only a few studies of mutation carriers, their cancer risks are uncertain. METHODS We identified 113 families of MSH6 mutation carriers from five countries that we ascertained(More)
We studied the distribution of the four human apomucins MUC1, MUC2, MUC4, and MUC5AC in hyperplastic polyps, serrated adenomas, and traditional adenomas of the colorectum using immunohistochemical techniques, with the aim of comparing and contrasting their patterns of expression. A series of 12 hyperplastic polyps, 27 serrated adenomas, and 20 traditional(More)
The molecular mechanisms involved in the generation of epithelial ovarian cancers are poorly understood, but evidence suggests that the different histological subtypes may arise from independent tumorigenic events. beta-Catenin is emerging as an important oncogene in the transformation of a number of epithelial cancers, and mutations have been reported in a(More)