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Complement plays an important role in the immunotherapeutic action of the anti-CD20 mAb rituximab, and therefore we investigated whether complement might be the limiting factor in rituximab therapy. Our in vitro studies indicate that at high cell densities, binding of rituximab to human CD20(+) cells leads to loss of complement activity and consumption of(More)
Entamoeba histolytica is the causative agent of amoebiasis, a potentially fatal diarrhoeal disease in the developing world. The parasite was named "histolytica" for its ability to destroy host tissues, which is probably driven by direct killing of human cells. The mechanism of human cell killing has been unclear, although the accepted model was that the(More)
CD4+ T cells are essential for development and perpetuation of Crohn's disease, a chronic immune-mediated condition that affects primarily the small intestine. Using novel models of Crohn's disease-like ileitis (i.e., SAMP1/YitFc and CD4+ T cell transfer models), we have begun to understand the adhesive pathways that mediate lymphocyte trafficking to the(More)
We investigated deposition of the complement protein fragment C3b and its breakdown products (collectively designated as C3b(i)) on CD20-positive cells treated with rituximab (RTX) in the presence of normal human serum (NHS). Radioimmunoassay (RIA) demonstrates that about 500 000 C3b(i) molecules deposit per cell, and fluorescence microscopy reveals that(More)
BACKGROUND It is unresolved whether circulating CD25hiCD4+ T cells in patients with atopic dermatitis who have elevated IgE (IgE(high)) are regulatory or effector in nature. OBJECTIVE To analyze the properties of CD25hi T-cell subtypes in IgE(high) atopic dermatitis. METHODS The phenotype of circulating CD25hi T cells was analyzed by flow cytometry(More)
Neutrophil recruitment into lung constitutes a major response to airborne endotoxins. In many tissues endothelial intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) interacts with lymphocyte function associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) on neutrophils, and this interaction plays a critical role in neutrophil recruitment. There are conflicting reports about the role of(More)
BACKGROUND Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is expressed at sites of allergic inflammation, including eczematous skin. This cytokine has been reported to exert its T(H)2-inducing properties through dendritic cells. Expression of TSLP receptor on the surface of activated T(H)2 cells could amplify T(H)2 responses at inflamed sites through the direct(More)
The B cell C receptor specific for C3dg (CR2) shares a number of features with the primate E C receptor (CR1). Previously, we have demonstrated, both in vitro and in animal models, that immune complexes (IC) bound to primate E CR1, either via C opsonization or by means of bispecific mAb complexes, can be transferred to acceptor macrophages in a process that(More)
Recognition, binding, internalization, and elimination of pathogens and cell debris are important functions of professional as well as non-professional phagocytes. However, high-throughput methods for quantifying cell-associated particles and discriminating bound from internalized particles have been lacking. Here we describe a protocol for using imaging(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Lymphocyte recruitment to sites of inflammation requires the sequential engagement of adhesion molecules and chemokine receptors. In the current studies we analyzed the role of CD44 for the development of chronic small-intestinal inflammatory infiltrates in vivo. METHODS By using a tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-driven model of chronic(More)