Michael D Sevilla

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PURPOSE To investigate the ability of the nitroxide free radical and superoxide dismutase mimic 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-n-oxyl (TEMPOL) to protect against x-ray-induced lens DNA damage and cataract formation in the rabbit. METHODS Eleven gray (Gy) x-rays was delivered twice, with a 48-hour interval, to the same eye of 5-week-old rabbits.(More)
It is well established that exposure of DNA to high-energy radiation results in a variety of physical and chemical changes in DNA including strand breakage, mutation, and DNA damage.1-16 Initially, high-energy radiation randomly ionizes or excites DNA components (base, sugar, and phosphate backbone) as well as the surrounding water molecules, which are an(More)
In this study, the reactions of presolvated electrons with glycine methyl ester and N-acetylalanylalanine methyl ester (N-aAAMe) are investigated by electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy and DFT calculations. Electrons were produced by γ-irradiation in neutral 7.5 M LiCl-D2O aqueous glasses at low temperatures. For glycine methyl ester, electron(More)
In a recent experiment, the repair efficiency of DNA thymine cyclobutane dimers (T<>T) on UV excitation of 8-oxoG base paired either to C or A was reported. An electron transfer mechanism from an excited charge transfer state of 8-oxoG-C (or 8-oxoG-A) to T<>T was proposed and 8-oxoG-A was found to be 2-3 times more efficient than 8-oxoG-C in repair of T<>T.(More)
Using Electron Spin Resonance spectroscopy at low temperatures, we find that thiyl radicals resulting from irradiation of frozen aqueous solutions of a variety of thiols, including cysteine, glutathione, and penicillamine react with oxygen to form sulfinyl (RSO.) radicals. The identity of the cysteine sulfinyl radical has been confirmed by the use of(More)
Adenyl radicals generated in DNA single and double strands, (dA)20 and (dA)20·(dT)20, by one- and two-photon ionization by 266 nm laser pulses decay at 600 nm with half-times of 1.0 ± 0.1 and 4 ± 1 ms, respectively. Though ionization initially forms the cation radical, the radicals detected for (dA)20 are quantitatively identified as N6-deprotonated adenyl(More)
This study investigates the extent of hole delocalization in one-electron oxidized adenine (A) and guanine (G) stacks and shows that new IR vibrational bands are predicted that are characteristic of hole delocalization within A-stacks. The geometries of A-stacks (A(i); i = 2-8) and G-stacks (GG and GGG) in their neutral and one-electron oxidized states were(More)
In order to investigate the mechanism by which H2O2 damages the epithelium, 8 x 10(5) rabbit lens epithelial cells were treated with TEMPOL or deferoxamine and exposed to a single sublethal dose of 0.5 mM H2O2. TEMPOL is a SOD mimic, has a characteristic EPR spectrum and is metal independent. EPR spectra indicated that TEMPOL was not destroyed by H2O2,(More)
This work reports an electron spin resonance study of the reactions of cysteine, glutathione and penicillamine thiyl radicals with molecular oxygen in frozen aqueous solutions at low temperatures. For all three thiols, the thiyl radical, RS., is found to react with oxygen to form the thiol peroxyl radical, RSOO(.). On the absorption of visible light,(More)