Michael D Roth

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BACKGROUND We conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial to determine the effects of oral cyclophosphamide on lung function and health-related symptoms in patients with evidence of active alveolitis and scleroderma-related interstitial lung disease. METHODS At 13 clinical centers throughout the United States, we enrolled 158 patients(More)
PURPOSE We previously reported that autologous dendritic cells pulsed with acid-eluted tumor peptides can stimulate T cell-mediated antitumor immune responses against brain tumors in animal models. As a next step in vaccine development, a phase I clinical trial was established to evaluate this strategy for its feasibility, safety, and induction of systemic(More)
In this study, we show that Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the major psychoactive component of marijuana, suppresses host immune reactivity against lung cancer. In two different weakly immunogenic murine lung cancer models, intermittent administration of THC (5 mg/kg, four times/wk i.p. for 4 wk) led to accelerated growth of tumor implants compared(More)
BACKGROUND Human airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) express high- and low-affinity IgE receptors and respond to IgE, thereby contributing to airway inflammation. OBJECTIVE To determine whether anti-IgE antibodies (omalizumab) block the response of ASMCs to IgE in patients with asthma. METHODS Airway smooth muscle cells, isolated from the biopsy(More)
Human leukocytes express cannabinoid (CB) receptors, suggesting a role for both endogenous ligands and Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) as immune modulators. To evaluate this, human T cells were stimulated with allogeneic dendritic cells (DC) in the presence or absence of THC (0.625-5 microg/ml). THC suppressed T cell proliferation, inhibited the(More)
Tumors produce a number of immunosuppressive factors that block the maturation of CD34+ stem cells into dendritic cells (DC). We hypothesized that tumors might also interfere with the maturation and/or function of human monocyte-derived DC. In contrast to stem cells, we found that CD14+ cells responded to tumor culture supernatant (TSN) by increasing(More)
Mammalian Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are required for cell activation by bacterial lipoproteins (bLP) and LPS. Stimulation of monocytes with bLP and LPS results in a TLR-dependent induction of immunomodulatory genes leading to the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. In this paper, we compared the expression and response of TLRs on monocytes and(More)
Epidemiologic studies identify marijuana as a potential cofactor in the development and progression of HIV infection. To evaluate this interaction we employed a hybrid model in which human peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) were implanted into severe combined immunodeficient mice (huPBL-SCID) and infected with an HIV reporter construct in the presence or(More)
The ability of dendritic cells (DC) to initiate immune responses in naive T cells is dependent upon a maturation process that allows the cells to develop their potent Ag-presenting capacity. Although immature DC can be derived in vitro by treatment of peripheral blood monocytes with GM-CSF and IL-4, additional signals such as those provided by TNF-alpha,(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are the most potent antigen-presenting cells (APCs) for the initiation of antigen-specific T-cell activation. DCs may be highly enriched from peripheral blood-adherent leukocytes by short-term (7-day) culture in the presence of interleukin (IL)-4 and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Various methods of gene transfer(More)