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There is a general consensus that supports the need for standardized reporting of metadata or information describing large-scale metabolomics and other functional genomics data sets. Reporting of standard metadata provides a biological and empirical context for the data, facilitates experimental replication, and enables the re-interrogation and comparison(More)
The role that metabonomics has in the evaluation of xenobiotic toxicity studies is presented here together with a brief summary of published studies. To provide a comprehensive assessment of this approach, the Consortium for Metabonomic Toxicology (COMET) has been formed between six pharmaceutical companies and Imperial College of Science, Technology and(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of metabonomics technology for developing a rapid-throughput toxicity screen using 2 known hepatotoxicants: carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) and alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT) and 2 known nephrotoxicants: 2-bromoethylamine (BEA) and 4-aminophenol (PAP). In addition, the diuretic furosemide (FURO)(More)
Metabonomics is the evaluation of the multiparametric metabolic response of biological systems to pathophysiological stimuli. High-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy of biofluids coupled with pattern recognition-based chemometric analysis is an emerging approach to the study of metabonomics and may be used for the prediction of(More)
Unlike plasma and most biological fluids which have solute concentrations that are tightly controlled, urine volume can vary widely based upon water consumption and other physiological factors. As a result, the concentrations of endogenous metabolites in urine vary widely and normalizing for these effects is necessary. Normalization approaches that utilized(More)
Metabolomics, also referred to in the literature as metabonomics, is a relatively new systems biology tool for drug discovery and development and is increasingly being used to obtain a detailed picture of a drug's effect on the body. Metabolomics is the qualitative assessment and relative or absolute quantitative measurement of the endogenous metabolome,(More)
The overnight (16-h) fast is one of the most common experimental manipulations performed in rodent studies. Despite its ubiquitous employment, a comprehensive evaluation of metabolomic and transcriptomic sequelae of fasting in conjunction with routine clinical pathology evaluation has not been undertaken. This study assessed the impact of a 16-h fast on(More)
Troglitazone (TGZ), the first glitazone used for the treatment of type II diabetes mellitus and removed from the market for liver toxicity, was shown to bind covalently to microsomal protein and glutathione (GSH) following activation by cytochrome P450 (P450). The covalent binding of (14)C-TGZ in dexamethasone-induced rat liver microsomes was(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a globally widespread disease of increasing clinical significance. The pathological progression of the disease from simple steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has been well defined, however, the contribution of altered branched chain amino acid metabolomic profiles to the progression of NAFLD is not(More)
The influence of Pt(II) compounds on the 31P NMR spectra of natural DNA, synthetic polynucleotides, and nucleosomes was investigated. With Pt complexes which are anti-tumor agents, a new peak or shoulder centered at approximately 1.2 ppm downfield from the untreated DNA signal was observed. When Pt compounds known not to be anti-tumor agents were studied,(More)