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Cross-correlation of low-frequency temporal fluctuations (<0.08 Hz) was used to correlate widely separated anatomic regions during continuous performance of a spatial working memory task. The regions of highest correlation to right-hemisphere dorsolateral prefrontal cortex correspond to the regions of largest baseline signal change in a conventional(More)
During microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis, one strand of a approximately 21-22-nucleotide RNA duplex is preferentially selected for entry into a silencing complex. The other strand, known as the miRNA* species, has typically been assumed to be a carrier strand. Here we show that, although Drosophila melanogaster miRNA* species are less abundant than their(More)
Sixteen healthy right-handed subjects performed a complex finger-tapping task that broadly activates the motor and premotor regions, including primary motor (M1), ventral premotor (PMv), and dorsal premotor (PMd) cortex. This task was performed with the right hand only, left hand only and both hands simultaneously. Behavioral performance and the possibility(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an accepted treatment for patients with Parkinson's disease refractory to medication. The efficacy of this therapy has led to increasing numbers of patients receiving DBS implants. Importantly, physicians caring for patients with implantable neurostimulators must be aware of treatment guidelines for(More)
The use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with neurostimulation systems used for deep brain stimulation requires the utmost care, and no individual should undergo an MR examination in the absence of empirical evidence that the procedure can be performed safely. The risks of performing MRI in patients with neurostimulators include those(More)
PURPOSE To study the correlation of low-frequency blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) fluctuations on magnetic resonance (MR) images obtained of the left- and right-hemisphere primary motor regions in healthy control subjects and patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixteen healthy volunteers and 20 patients with MS underwent(More)
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a deficiency of the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase (EC Affected patients develop elevated plasma and tissue levels of phenylalanine and its related ketoacids. Untreated patients usually exhibit severe mental retardation and poor motor function, with characteristic T2 white(More)
PURPOSE To compare the MRI-related heating per unit of specific absorption rate (SAR) profile of a conductive implant between two 1.5-Tesla/64 MHz MR systems using a transmit/receive (t/r) head coil configuration. MATERIALS AND METHODS Deep brain stimulation (DBS) leads were configured within a gel-filled phantom of the human head and torso. Temperature(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate potential sex differences in temporal lobe activation during the performance of a functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging passive-listening paradigm. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty strongly right-handed volunteers (10 men, 10 women) underwent imaging with a 1.5-T machine by using a gradient-echo echo-planar sequence. The task(More)
Recent studies indicate that functional connectivity using low-frequency BOLD fluctuations (LFBFs) is reduced between the bilateral primary sensorimotor regions in multiple sclerosis. In addition, it has been shown that pathway-dependent measures of the transverse diffusivity of water in white matter correlate with related clinical measures of functional(More)