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Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a complex vaginal infection most commonly associated with women of child-bearing age. Risk factors for BV are numerous. There are currently multiple clinical and laboratory tests for diagnosis of BV, including the most commonly used diagnostic methods: Amsel's criteria or Nugent's Gram stain scale. The mainstay of BV therapy is(More)
OBJECTIVES Preliminary data suggest that antibiotic discontinuation in patients with negative quantitative bronchoscopy and symptom resolution will not increase mortality. Because our hospital algorithm for antibiotic discontinuation rules out ventilator-associated pneumonia in the setting of negative quantitative bronchoscopy cultures, we compared(More)
The widespread emergence of antibiotic-resistant gram-negative organisms has compromised the utility of current treatment options for severe infections caused by these pathogens. The rate of gram-negative multidrug resistance is worsening, threatening the effectiveness of newer broad-spectrum antibiotic agents. Infections associated with multidrug-resistant(More)
An overview of the mechanism of action, dosing, clinical indications, and toxicities of the glycopeptide vancomycin is provided. The emerging gram-positive bacterial resistance to antimicrobials and its mechanisms are reviewed. Strategies to control this emergence of resistance are expected to be proposed. Newer antimicrobial agents that have activity(More)
BACKGROUND Appropriate antibiotic therapy and prompt drainage are essential for optimal results with abdominal abscesses. METHODS In this prospective study, 47 abdominal abscesses from 42 patients over 2 years who had percutaneous drainage were evaluated. Antibiotic concentrations were evaluated from the abscess fluid and correlated with clinical and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Probiotics, including Saccharomyces boulardii, have been advocated for the prevention of Clostridium difficile infection. The aim of this project was to evaluate the effects of the removal of S. boulardii from an automatic antibiotic order set and hospital formulary on hospital onset C. difficile infection rates. DESIGN A retrospective(More)
Terbinafine is the only systemic allylamine antifungal currently available. Its mechanism of action is unique and sets it apart from other agents. Although it is primarily used for dermatophyte infections, such as onychomycosis and tinea pedis, terbinafine has broad in vitro activity against a variety of non-dermatophyte fungal pathogens, including Candida(More)
Current treatment options for vulvovaginal candidiasis due to Candida albicans include over-the-counter and prescription antifungal agents. Fluconazole has been used extensively with an unknown impact on susceptibility. To investigate antifungal susceptibility trends in clinical vaginal isolates of C. albicans from 1986 to 2008, microdilution susceptibility(More)
Tinidazole has been used for vaginal infection worldwide but not in the US for > 40 years. Recently, tinidazole has been re-introduced and approved by the FDA for trichomoniasis and restudied as an alternative to metronidazole for bacterial vaginosis. In vitro antimicrobial activity and pharmacokinetics studies indicate that tinidazole has minor but(More)
BACKGROUND Urinary tract infections (UTI) are among the most common bacterial diseases worldwide, with significant clinical and economic burden. Surveillance of pathogen epidemiology and risk factors for resistant pathogens in the hospital setting may improve the management of UTI. OBJECTIVE To evaluate microbiology and antimicrobial susceptibility of UTI(More)