Michael D. Morris

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Raman spectroscopy is increasingly commonly used to understand how changes in bone composition and structure influence tissue-level bone mechanical properties. The spectroscopic technique provides information on bone mineral and matrix collagen components and on the effects of various matrix proteins on bone material properties as well. The Raman spectrum(More)
The mechanical properties of bone are dictated by its amount, distribution and 'quality'. The composition of the mineral and matrix phases is integral to defining 'bone quality'. Exercise can potentially increase resistance to fracture, yet the effects of exercise on skeletal fragility, and how alterations in fragility are modulated by the amount,(More)
Brain-stem auditory evoked responses (BAERs) were recorded both to rarefaction and condensation click stimuli in 92 normal hearers and 78 patients with varying degrees of cochlear hearing loss (N = 340 ears). Frequency distributions of rarefaction minus condensation (R - C) latency and amplitude differences revealed clinically significant polarity effects(More)
Transcutaneous bone Raman spectroscopy with an exciting annulus of 785-nm laser light surrounding the field of view of a circular array of collection fibers is demonstrated. The configuration provides distributed laser light. The annulus is located 2 to 3 mm beyond the edge of the field of view of the collection fibers to reject contributions from skin and(More)
Inbred strain-specific differences in mice exist in bone cross-sectional geometry, mechanical properties, and indices of bone formation. Inbred strain-specific responses to external stimuli also exist, but the role of background strain in response to genetic deletion is not fully understood. Biglycan (bgn) deficiency impacts bone through negative regulation(More)
Mechanical loading is integral to the repair of bone damage. Osteocytes are mechanosensors in bone and participate in signaling through gap junction channels, which are primarily comprised of connexin 43 (Cx43). Nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) have anabolic and catabolic effects on bone, and the secretion of these molecules occurs after(More)
While obtaining high-resolution structural details from bone is highly important to better understand its mechanical strength and the effects of aging and disease on bone ultrastructure, it has been a major challenge to do so with existing biophysical techniques. Though solid-state NMR spectroscopy has the potential to reveal the structural details of bone,(More)
Raman spectroscopy is used to gather information on the mineral and organic components of bone tissue to analyze their composition. By measuring the Raman signal of bone through spatially offset Raman spectroscopy the health of the bone can be determined. We've customized a system with 8 collection channels that consist of individual fibers, which are(More)