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Theileria parva is an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite which is the causative agent of East Coast fever, an acute, leukemia-like disease of cattle. The intralymphocytic stage of the parasite induces blastogenesis and clonal expansion of quiescent bovid lymphocytes. Experiments in our laboratory have shown a marked increase of casein kinase II- (CK(More)
Equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) causes serious disease in horses throughout the world, despite the frequent use of vaccines. CTLs are thought to be critical for protection from primary and reactivating latent EHV-1 infections. However, the antigen-specificity of EHV-1-specific CTLs is unknown. The aim of this study was to identify EHV-1 genes that encode(More)
BACKGROUND Gene transfer to skin has many potential applications but lacks a safe, practical delivery method. This report presents a new technique, microseeding, for in vivo gene transfer to skin and wounds and for DNA-mediated vaccination. The plasmid DNA solution was delivered directly to the target cells of the skin by a set of oscillating solid(More)
Two plasmid vectors encoding the A and B subunits of cholera toxin (CT) and two additional vectors encoding the A and B subunits of the Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin (LT) were evaluated for their ability to serve as genetic adjuvants for particle-mediated DNA vaccines administered to the epidermis of laboratory animals. Both the CT and the LT(More)
Proteins were extracted from ribosomes and (for the first time) from ribosomal subunits of Drosophila melanogaster embryos. The ribosomal proteins were analyzed by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The electrophoretograms displayed 78 spots for the 80S monomers, 35 spots for the 60S subunits, and 31 spots for the 40S subunits. On the basis(More)
Equine influenza virus infection remains one of the most important infectious diseases of the horse, yet current vaccines offer only limited protection. The equine immune response to natural influenza virus infection results in long-term protective immunity, and is characterized by mucosal IgA and serum IgGa and IgGb antibody responses. DNA vaccination(More)
We have previously demonstrated that hemagglutinin (HA) gene vaccination and influenza virus infection generate protective antibody responses in equids. However, these antibody responses differ substantially in that particle mediated DNA vaccination does not induce an immunoglobulin A (IgA) response. A study was performed to investigate the regional(More)
Equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) is the cause of serious disease with high economic impact on the horse industry, as outbreaks of EHV-1 disease occur every year despite the frequent use of vaccines. Cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTLs) are important for protection from primary and reactivating latent EHV-1 infection. DNA vaccination is a powerful technique for(More)
We have observed that in vivo interaction between melanoma and resting T cells promotes suppression of antigen-driven proliferative T cell expansion. We hypothesized that this suppression would affect tumor antigen-specific T cell populations more potently than tumor-unrelated T cell populations. A B16F10 cell line was stably transfected to express low(More)
Theileria parva is an obligate, intracellular, parasitic protozoan that causes East Coast fever, an acute leukemia-like disease of cattle. T. parva and the related parasite, Theileria annulata, are unique among protozoa in that their intralymphocytic stages induce transformation of bovid lymphocytes. Comparison of in vitro protein kinase activities between(More)