Michael D Lebowitz

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CONTEXT Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and sleep apnea have been linked to hypertension in previous studies, but most of these studies used surrogate information to define SDB (eg, snoring) and were based on small clinic populations, or both. OBJECTIVE To assess the association between SDB and hypertension in a large cohort of middle-aged and older(More)
On the basis of their answers to a self-administered questionnaire, 697 nonsmoking healthy subjects were chosen from a randomly selected sample representative of the white non-Mexican-American population of Tucson, Arizona, enrolled in a longitudinal study of respiratory health. For each subject, the first satisfactory set of flow-volume data obtained(More)
We surveyed two general population samples aged 8 to 64 living in the unpolluted, rural area of the Po Delta (northern Italy) (n = 3289) and in the urban area of Pisa (central Italy) (n = 2917). Each subject filled out a standardized interviewer-administered questionnaire. The Pisa sample was divided into three groups according to their residence in the(More)
The associations between lung function measures (spirometry and peak expiratory flow lability) and estimated 20-yr ambient concentrations of respirable particles, suspended sulfates, sulfur dioxide, ozone, and indoor particles were studied in a sample of 1,391 nonsmokers followed since 1977. Differences in air pollutants across the population were(More)
Environmental epidemiological studies of the health effects of air pollution have been major contributors to the understanding of such effects. The chronic effects of atmospheric pollutants have been studied, but, except for the known respiratory effects of particulate matter (PM), they have not been studied conclusively. There are ongoing studies of the(More)
BACKGROUND The increase in childhood obesity and prevalence of chronic disease risk factors demonstrate the importance of creating healthy school environments. As part of the Border Health Strategic Initiative, the School Health Index was implemented in public schools in two counties along the Arizona, United States-Sonora, Mexico border. Developed in 2000(More)
The data from a longitudinal population study in Tucson, Arizona, were used to describe the development and decline of maximal expiratory flow-volume (MEFV) measures with age. On the basis of their answers to self-administered questionnaires, in 9 of the first 10 surveys (1972-1988) and having performed at least one MEFV test, 930 nonsmoking healthy(More)
Epidemiological studies of community populations are highly relevant to the process of setting national ambient air quality primary standards, as criteria for those standards are the protection of human populations against adverse effects on health. Nevertheless, because of the difficulties of performing adequate community population studies of a quality(More)
This paper evaluates the influence of exposures on acute and chronic airway obstruction. Clinical, physiological, and immunological aspects are important in evaluating the effects of the pollutant exposures. Aspects of the exposure-response relationships important enough to record are those factors interactive with the pollutants (e.g., smoking and other(More)
Some individuals in the population may be sensitive or susceptible be to the effects of air pollutants. Such sensitivity may be to specific pollutants or classes of pollutants. However, sensitivity or susceptibility in some individuals can be to all irritants, but the sensitivity is likely to be response specific or organ specific. The U.S. Clean Air Act(More)
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