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Digital flat-panel detector cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) has recently been adapted for use with C-arm systems. This configuration provides projection radiography, fluoroscopy, digital subtraction angiography, and volumetric computed tomography (CT) capabilities in a single patient setup, within the interventional suite. Such capabilities allow the(More)
Infection with Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), a mosquito-borne, neurotropic flavivirus, may cause acute encephalitis in humans and induce severe cytopathic effects in various types of cultured cells. This study attempted to determine whether JEV infection induces free radical generation and whether oxidative stress contributes to virus-induced cell(More)
C-arm cone-beam computed tomography (CT) with a flat-panel detector represents the next generation of imaging technology available in the interventional radiology suite and is predicted to be the platform for many of the three-dimensional (3D) roadmapping and navigational tools that will emerge in parallel with its integration. The combination of current(More)
Paralleling the diversity of genetic and protein activities, pathologic human tissues also exhibit diverse radiographic features. Here we show that dynamic imaging traits in non-invasive computed tomography (CT) systematically correlate with the global gene expression programs of primary human liver cancer. Combinations of twenty-eight imaging traits can(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether conventional contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) could be used to identify imaging phenotypes associated with a doxorubicin drug response gene expression program in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by using an integrated imaging-genomic approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty HCCs were analyzed and scored individually(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant disease with a varying range of phenotypes involving abnormal vasculature primarily manifested as arteriovenous malformations in various organs, including the nose, brain, liver, and lungs. The varied presentation and involvement of different organ systems makes the choice of(More)
The neurotropism of Japanese encephalitis virus (EV) has not been well characterized. Astrocytes are parts of the blood-brain barrier, a major source of chemokines, and critical effectors of central inflammation. Thus, astrocytes might play some role as JEV travels from the peripheral to the CNS and/or the resultant encephalitis. Using rat cortical(More)
UNLABELLED Microvascular invasion (MVI) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an independent predictor of poor outcomes subsequent to surgical resection or liver transplantation (LT); however, MVI currently cannot be adequately determined preoperatively. Radiogenomic venous invasion (RVI) is a contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) biomarker of MVI(More)
Abbreviations: ALL ϭ acute lymphoblastic leukemia, AML ϭ acute myeloid leukemia, CML ϭ chronic myeloid leukemia, ER ϭ estrogen receptor CANCER is the second leading cause of death in the United States, and despite the overall decreasing trend in cancer mortality during the past 10 years, it is expected to become the leading cause of death in the next(More)