A scending aortic dilatation occurs more frequently and at a younger age in patients with bicuspid aortic valves (BAV) than it does in patients with normal trileaflet aortic valves (TAV). The clinical significance of the correlation between BAV and dilatation of the ascending aorta is based on 2 factors. First, BAV is the most common congenital cardiac… (More)
A cartilage fraction isolated by guanidine extraction and purified by affinity chromatography inhibits tumor-induced vascular proliferation and consequently restricts tumor growth. This fraction contains several different proteins; the major one has a molecular weight of about 16,000. The fraction strongly inhibits protease activity.
The need to fully heparinize patients undergoing extracorporeal therapy often leads to hemorrhagic complications. To enable heparinization of only the extracorporeal circuit, a blood filter containing immobilized heparinase was developed. This filter degraded 99 percent of heparin's anticoagulant activity within minutes in both canine and human blood.
BACKGROUND Several changes occur during the transformation of normal tissue to neoplastic tissue. Such changes in molecular composition can be detected by Raman spectroscopy. Raman spectroscopy is a nondestructive method of measuring these changes, which suggests the possibility of real-time diagnosis during medical procedures. METHODS This study seeks to… (More)
Image guidance is a technique that often uses virtual reality to provide accurate localization and real-time surgical navigation. Combining image guidance with a biosensor based on Raman spectroscopy, a powerful laser-based analysis technique, would provide a surgeon both a diagnosis of tissue being analyzed (e.g. cancer) and localization information… (More)
To ascertain whether exercise testing might predict multivessel coronary disease and left ventricular aneurysm after a myocardial infarction, 154 patients with a single documented myocardial infarction who had both exercise testing and coronary angiography were grouped according to whether they had greater than or equal to 1 mm ST depression, greater than… (More)
PURPOSE Raman spectroscopy can quickly and accurately diagnose tissue in near real-time. This study evaluated the capacity of Raman spectroscopy to diagnose pediatric brain tumors. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Samples of untreated pediatric medulloblastoma (4 samples and 4 patients), glioma (i.e. astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma, ependymoma, ganglioglioma and other… (More)
Complex teleoperative tasks, such as surgery, generally require human control. However, teleoperating a robot using indirect visual information poses many technical challenges because the user is expected to control the movement(s) of the camera(s) in addition to the robot's arms and other elements. For humans, camera positioning is difficult, error-prone,… (More)
The effects of verapamil were assessed in 26 patients with stable exertional angina pectoris in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized crossover protocol using serial treadmill tests. Verapamil, 480 mg/day, reduced anginal frequency from 5.6 +/- 7.3 to 2.2 +/- 3.9 attacks per week (p less than 0.001) and nitroglycerin consumption from 3.4 +/- 4.9 to… (More)
BACKGROUND The limited space and high magnification involved in minimally invasive surgery (MIS) can cause surgeons to lose sight of an instrument while performing tasks such as suturing and knot-tying. A current strategy employed to locate the instrument is zooming out and in with the endoscope, which can be a time-intensive and iterative task. This study… (More)