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Neurogenic pulmonary edema may be a consequence of a number of diverse central nervous system insults, including resection of an acoustic neuroma. Brainstem lesions in particular seem to cause neurogenic pulmonary edema. Diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion, especially in the case of respiratory decompensation following a seizure.
BACKGROUND Left ventricular enlargement after myocardial infarction increases the likelihood of an adverse outcome. In an echocardiographic substudy of the Survival and Ventricular Enlargement (SAVE) Trial, we assessed whether captopril would attenuate progressive left ventricular enlargement in patients with left ventricular dysfunction after acute(More)
Changes induced in left ventricular (LV) hemodynamics by isometric exercise were analyzed in 43 patients: 30 with coronary heart disease (CAD), four with noncoronary heart disease, nine normal. Volumes were angiographically determined and correlated with left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) both at rest and during the fifth minute of 30%(More)
Two neuropsychological tests were administered to 227 men and women, ages 25 to 69 years, before and after coronary bypass and cardiac valve operations to provide current information regarding the incidence of postoperative decrements in neuropsychological dysfunction and the factors associated with them. Biographical, psychological, and medical-surgical(More)
To evaluate the benefits of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, we interviewed and tested 318 patients (268 men and 50 women) younger than age 70 before and six months after elective CABG at four university medical centers. Biomedical, psychoneurological, physical function, role function, occupational, social, family, sexual, emotional, and(More)
PURPOSE Raman spectroscopy can quickly and accurately diagnose tissue in near real-time. This study evaluated the capacity of Raman spectroscopy to diagnose pediatric brain tumors. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Samples of untreated pediatric medulloblastoma (4 samples and 4 patients), glioma (i.e. astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma, ependymoma, ganglioglioma and other(More)
Minimally invasive surgery is rapidly becoming the desired surgical standard, especially for pediatric patients. Infants and children are a particular technical challenge, however, because of the small size of target anatomical structures and the small surgical workspace. Computer-assisted robot-enhanced surgical telemanipulators may overcome these(More)
The potential use of carbonic anhydrase (CA), immobilized within membrane lungs, to accelerate the removal of CO2 from blood was investigated. Using a variation on the technique of Chang, 500 micrograms/mL of CA was encapsulated in 5-20 microns cellulose nitrate microcapsules which were then immobilized onto a 0.1 m2 silicone rubber membrane. Using an in(More)
Family involvement is an essential element of language intervention with severely handicapped children for several reasons. First, the parent-child interaction is the focus of normal language development, and can be a powerful impetus in language learning for handicapped children. Second, limited generalization and maintenance of skills often occur when(More)