Michael D House

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OBJECTIVE The cervix is the lower portion of the uterus. It is composed of fibrous tissue and its mechanical integrity is crucial for maintaining a healthy gestation. During normal pregnancy, the cervical extracellular matrix (ECM) remodels in preparation for labor. The objective of this study was to investigate the biochemical and morphological changes in(More)
BACKGROUND Mast cells are involved in allergy and inflammation by secreting multiple mediators including histamine, cytokines and platelet-activating factor. Certain histamine 1 receptor antagonists have been reported to inhibit histamine secretion, but the effect on cytokine release from human mast cells triggered by allergic and other stimuli is not well(More)
In normal pregnancy, the cervix maintains its shape during a period of substantial fetal and uterine growth. Hence, maintenance of biomechanical integrity is an important aspect of cervical function. It is known that cervical mechanical properties arise from extracellular matrix (ECM). The most important constituent of the cervical ECM is fibrillar(More)
The cervix plays a crucial role in maintaining a healthy pregnancy, acting as a mechanical barrier to hold the fetus in utero during gestation. Altered mechanical properties of the cervical tissue are suspected to play a critical role in spontaneous preterm birth. Both MRI and X-ray data in the literature indicate that cervical stroma contains regions of(More)
Appropriate mechanical function of the uterine cervix is critical for maintaining a pregnancy to term so that the fetus can develop fully. At the end of pregnancy, however, the cervix must allow delivery, which requires it to markedly soften, shorten and dilate. There are multiple pathways to spontaneous preterm birth, the leading global cause of death in(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate how gestational age and prior vaginal birth affect cervical anatomy on magnetic resonance imaging during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN Magnetic resonance images of the cervix were obtained in consecutive patients referred for a suspected fetal abnormality. We used an image processing protocol to measure cervical dimensions, orientation,(More)
Niacin lowers serum cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, and triglycerides, and it raises high-density lipoprotein. However, most patients experience cutaneous warmth and vasodilation (flush). Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) can reduce this flush, presumably by decreasing prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2)) release from macrophages. Here, we show that methylnicotinate(More)
Spontaneous preterm birth is a frequent complication of pregnancy and a common cause of morbidity in childhood. Obstetricians suspect abnormalities of the cervix are implicated in a significant number of preterm births. The cervix is composed of fibrous connective tissue and undergoes significant remodeling in preparation for birth. We hypothesized that a(More)
Arterial wall perforation and chronic restenosis represent important factors limiting the clinical application of laser angioplasty. Discrimination of normal and atherosclerotic vessels by laser-excited fluorescence spectroscopy may offer a means of targeting plaque ablation, thereby reducing the frequency of restenosis and transmural perforation. In this(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine antepartum risk factors for postpartum antihypertensive medication use in women with severe preeclampsia. METHODS A case control study was performed on patients who were diagnosed with severe preeclampsia between January 2000 and June 2004 at a single tertiary care center. Women discharged from the hospital on antihypertensive(More)