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A novel neuropeptide which stimulates adenylate cyclase in rat anterior pituitary cell cultures was isolated from ovine hypothalamic tissues. Its amino acid sequence was revealed as: His-Ser-Asp-Gly-Ile-Phe-Thr-Asp-Ser-Tyr-Ser-Arg-Tyr-Arg-Lys-Gln- Met-Ala- Val-Lys-Lys-Tyr-Leu-Ala-Ala-Val-Leu-Gly-Lys-Arg-Tyr-Lys-Gln-Arg-Val-Lys-Asn-Lys - NH2. The N-terminal(More)
Obesity and nutrient homeostasis are linked by mechanisms that are not fully elucidated. Here we describe a secreted protein, adropin, encoded by a gene, Energy Homeostasis Associated (Enho), expressed in liver and brain. Liver Enho expression is regulated by nutrition: lean C57BL/6J mice fed high-fat diet (HFD) exhibited a rapid increase, while fasting(More)
Somatostatin (SRIF), a hypothalamic inhibitor of pituitary growth hormone (GH) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) secretion, binds to five distinct receptor (SSTR) subtypes. We therefore tested SSTR subtype-specific SRIF analogs in primary human fetal pituitary cultures (23-25-wk gestation) to elucidate their role in regulating human pituitary function.(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compared the potency of a somatostatin receptor (sstr)2-sstr5 analog, BIM-23244, of an sstr2-dopamine D2 receptor (sstr2-DAD2) molecule, BIM-23A387 and of new somatostatin-dopamine chimeric molecules with differing, enhanced affinities for sstr2, sstr5 and DAD2, BIM-23A758, BIM-23A760 and BIM-23A761, to suppress GH and prolactin (PRL)(More)
Ghrelin, the natural ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue-1a (GHS-1a) receptor, has received a great deal of attention due to its ability to stimulate weight gain and the hope that an antagonist of the GHS-1a receptor could be a treatment for obesity. We have discovered an analog of full-length human ghrelin, BIM-28163, which fully antagonizes GHS-1a(More)
Current evidence suggests that hypothalamic fatty acid metabolism may play a role in regulating food intake; however, confirmation that it is a physiologically relevant regulatory system of feeding is still incomplete. Here, we use pharmacological and genetic approaches to demonstrate that the physiological orexigenic response to ghrelin involves specific(More)
Previously, we have shown somatostatin receptor (SSTR) subtype-specific regulation of growth hormone (GH), thyroid-stimulating hormone, and prolactin (PRL) secretion in human fetal pituitary cultures, where GH and thyroid-stimulating hormone are mediated by both SSTR2 and SSTR5, whereas SSTR2 preferentially mediates PRL secretion. We now tested SSTR(More)
Somatostatin (SRIF) analogs interacting with SRIF receptor subtype (SSTR) 2 and SSTR5 are known to reduce secretion in GH-secreting pituitary adenomas. We investigated the effects of SRIF and a SSTR1 selective agonist, BIM-23926, on GH and prolactin (PRL) secretion and cell viability in primary cultures deriving from 15 GH- and PRL-secreting adenomas(More)
BACKGROUND Survival rates for gastrointestinal (GI) and bronchopulmonary (BP) neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) have not significantly altered (overall 67%, 5-year survival) in 30 years (1973-2004), whereas the incidence has increased ( approximately 1000%) in the same time frame. No effective or specific antineoplastic agent is available for treatment, although(More)
In order to determine if the newly discovered neuropeptide, pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP), interacts with the known hypothalamic releasing factors to modulate pituitary hormone secretion, the effect of PACAP, either alone or in combination with either LHRH, TRH, CRF or GHRH, was examined in rat anterior pituitary cell cultures.(More)