Michael D. Collins

William L Siegmann6
Jon M Collis6
Alison A. Hanson2
Robert E. Ricklefs2
6William L Siegmann
6Jon M Collis
2Alison A. Hanson
2Robert E. Ricklefs
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Theory predicts, and recent empirical studies have shown, that the diversity of plant species determines the diversity of associated herbivores and mediates ecosystem processes, such as aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP). However, an often-overlooked component of plant diversity, namely population genotypic diversity, may also have wide-ranging(More)
A tank experiment was carried out to investigate underwater sound propagation over an elastic bottom in flat and sloping configurations. The purpose of the experiment was to evaluate range-dependent propagation models with high-quality experimental data. The sea floor was modeled as an elastic medium by a polyvinyl chloride slab. The relatively high(More)
—Improvements in the capability of handling sloping interfaces and boundaries with the parabolic equation method have been an active area of research. Recent progress in accurately treating range-dependent seismoacoustic problems has involved coordinate transformation techniques. The variable-rotated parabolic equation is among recent advances in this area.(More)
Recent improvements in the parabolic equation method are combined to extend this approach to a larger class of seismo-acoustics problems. The variable rotated parabolic equation [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 120, 3534-3538 (2006)] handles a sloping fluid-solid interface at the ocean bottom. The single-scattering solution [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 121, 808-813 (2007)](More)
A series of laboratory experiments was conducted to obtain high-quality data for acoustic propagation in shallow water waveguides with sloping elastic bottoms. Accurate modeling of transmission loss in these waveguides can be performed with the variable rotated parabolic equation method. Results from an earlier experiment with a flat or sloped slab of(More)
Haemosporidian parasites (genera Plasmodium and Haemoproteus) are common blood parasites of birds transmitted by dipteran insect vectors. We analyzed blood samples from 329 individuals of 43 bird species in eastern Tennessee to better understand the relationship between the local community of birds and their blood parasites, including the distribution of(More)
A noise-canceling processor is developed for matched-field processing problems involving a signal buried in noise. This processor is based on modeling both signal and noise and searching the space of unknown parameters to achieve the best agreement between covariances. The noise-canceling processor reduces to the Bartlett processor in the limit of high(More)
Applications to ocean acoustic data from a towed array and to speech processing are presented for an improved optimal time-domain beamformer, which involves optimizing over all possible source bearings and time series for multiple sources using simulated annealing. The convergence of the parameter search is accelerated by accepting time series perturbations(More)
Contemporary climate change has been linked to widespread changes in phenology and in the geographic distribution of species. Based on Bergmann’s rule, body sizes of birds have been predicted to decline as global temperatures increase. We examined changes in body size of 20 resident and short-distance migrant passerine species in eastern North America(More)
Parasite prevalence is thought to be positively related to host population density owing to enhanced contagion. However, the relationship between prevalence and local abundance of multiple host species is underexplored. We surveyed birds and their haemosporidian parasites (genera Plasmodium and Haemoproteus) at multiple sites across eastern North America to(More)