Michael D. Collins

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Theory predicts, and recent empirical studies have shown, that the diversity of plant species determines the diversity of associated herbivores and mediates ecosystem processes, such as aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP). However, an often-overlooked component of plant diversity, namely population genotypic diversity, may also have wide-ranging(More)
Oral administration of retinol (50 mg/kg) to NMRI mice on day 11 of gestation (vaginal plug = day 0) led to the metabolic formation of high quantities of all-trans retinoic acid and all-trans-4-oxoretinoic acid, both known as potent teratogenic agents in the mouse. A 96% reduction of the area under the concentration-versus-timecurve (AUC) of metabolically(More)
The competition-colonization trade-off has long been considered an important mechanism explaining species coexistence in spatially structured environments, yet data supporting it remain ambiguous. Most competition-colonization research examines plants and the dispersal-linked traits of their seeds. However, colonization is more than just dispersal because(More)
Previous studies suggested that the rabbit is much more susceptible to the teratogenic action of 13-cis-retinoic acid (13-cis-RA) than the mouse or the rat, while the teratogenicity of all-trans-RA was comparable in these species. In the present study we investigated if pharmacokinetics can explain these species- and structure-related differences. The(More)
Carbaryl, one of the most important insecticides, is widely produced and used. To explore carbaryl-induced genotoxic effects of spermatozoa, particularly DNA damage and chromosome aberrations (CA), we first examined conventional semen parameters, the progression and motion parameters of the spermatozoa among 16 carbaryl-exposed workers and 30 internal and(More)
To address the idea that the process of interspecific competition can be inferred from data on geographical distribution alone and that evidence from geographical distribution implies an important role for interspecific competition in shaping ecological communities, we reexamine the occurrence of "true checkerboard" distributions among the land and(More)
BACKGROUND Most toxicological studies have tested single chemical agents at relatively high doses, and fewer studies have addressed the toxic effects of chemical interactions. It is important to understand the toxicity of chemical mixtures in order to assess the more realistic risks of environmental and occupational exposures. A number of chemicals are(More)
Current literature and some standard reference textbooks fail to adequately delineate the management of liquid household bleach (sodium hypochlorite) as different from other caustic agents. A literature review and retrospective study were conducted to focus attention on the clinical course and the low potential for development of long-term sequelae(More)
Cadmium, a ubiquitous environmental contaminant, damages several major organs in humans and other mammals. The molecular mechanisms for damage are not known. At high doses (5 mg/kg cadmium chloride or higher), testicular damage in mice, rats, and other rodents includes interstitial edema, hemorrhage, and changes in the seminiferous tubules affecting(More)
Rarefaction estimates how many species are expected in a random sample of individuals from a larger collection and allows meaningful comparisons among collections of different sizes. It assumes random spatial dispersion. However, two common dispersion patterns, within-species clumping and segregation among species, can cause rarefaction to overestimate the(More)