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BACKGROUND Germ-line mutations in the base-excision-repair gene MYH have been associated with recessive inheritance of multiple colorectal adenomas. Tumors from affected persons displayed excess somatic transversions of a guanine-cytosine pair to a thymine-adenine pair (G:C-->T:A) in the APC gene. METHODS We screened for germ-line MYH mutations in 152(More)
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a dominantly inherited colorectal tumor predisposition that results from germ-line mutations in the APC gene (chromosome 5q21). FAP shows substantial phenotypic variability: classical polyposis patients develop more than 100 colorectal adenomas, whereas those with attenuated polyposis (AAPC) have fewer than 100(More)
In vitro data show that the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) protein associates with the mitotic spindle and that mouse embryonic stem cells with biallelic Apc mutations are karyotypically unstable. These findings led to suggestions that APC acts in chromosomal segregation and that APC inactivation leads to chromosomal instability (CIN). An alternative(More)
The site of the 'first hit' in the APC tumour suppressor gene determines the type of the 'second hit', both in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and sporadic colorectal tumours. Mutations near codon 1300 are associated with loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of the wild-type allele; other tumours tend to have two protein-truncating mutations. In this study, we(More)
BACKGROUND Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is characterised by variable phenotypic expression. Part of this is attributable to a relationship between APC genotype and phenotype but there remains significant intrafamilial variation. In the Min mouse model of FAP, differences in the severity of gastrointestinal polyposis result from the action of(More)
Studies of adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) mutations in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) have focused on large bowel disease. It has been found that: 1) germline APC mutations around codon 1300 are associated with severe colorectal polyposis; 2) somatic APC mutations in colorectal tumors tend to cluster approximately between codons 1250 and 1450; and(More)
BACKGROUND We have recently shown that the severity of human colonic familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) varies in a manner consistent with the action of modifier genes. These modifier genes may harbour common alleles which increase the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in the general population. Analyses have suggested several common polymorphisms as risk(More)
INTRODUCTION As large scale genetic analysis becomes increasingly efficient, attention is turning to problems arising from inaccurate measurement of the phenotype. We have investigated the underlying basis of variation in disease severity in the large intestine of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) patients. The development of objective and reproducible(More)