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Microglia and astroglia have been thought to govern the survival of neurons after damage to the CNS. To investigate these putative glia-neuron relationships, we examined microglia and astroglia secretion products for effects upon growth of cultured neurons. Activated microglia secrete small neurotoxic factors (< 500 Da), while astroglia constitutively(More)
Reactive microglia and invading macrophages, which appear in brain damaged by stroke or trauma, secrete neuron-killing factors. This release of cytotoxic substances is a delayed process and is not detected until inflammatory cells reach a peak of reactivity by the second day after injury. Proximity to the site of injury and density of mononuclear phagocytes(More)
Thromboxane A2(TxA2) is a potent vasoconstrictor associated with cerebrovascular disease and is thought to be synthesized within tissues of the brain. In order to determine the cellular sources of TxA2 in the central nervous system (CNS), we measured the release of the stable metabolite TxB2 in cultures of mixed or highly enriched populations of brain glia.(More)
The present study determined the influence of a retinoid X receptor agonist bexarotene on angiogenesis and metastasis in solid tumours. In the experimental lung metastasis xenograft models, treatment with bexarotene inhibited the development of the lung tumour nodule formation compared to control. In vivo angiogenesis assay utilising gelfoam sponges,(More)
We present an unconventional approach to antiviral drug discovery, which is used to identify potent small molecules against rabies virus. First, we conceptualized viral capsid assembly as occurring via a host-catalyzed biochemical pathway, in contrast to the classical view of capsid formation by self-assembly. This suggested opportunities for antiviral(More)
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