Learn More
Drainage of the pleural space is undertaken as an emergency when there is respiratory distress and the radiological appearance of mediastinal shift. We present two cases in which the initial diagnosis was tension pneumothorax and chest drains were inserted. In both cases, the diagnosis turned out to be congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
OBJECTIVE We assessed the accuracy of thin-section CT and chest radiography to diagnose pediatric interstitial lung disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS We identified 20 infants, boys, and girls (age range, 1 month to 14 years) with histopathologic confirmation of interstitial lung disease. Six boys and girls without interstitial lung disease were also(More)
UNLABELLED Age at diagnosis and the symptom history of children with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) are described by reviewing the case notes in the paediatric PCD clinic. Mean age at diagnosis was 4.4 y despite a history of neonatal respiratory distress in 37/55 cases, situs inversus in 38/55 cases and early onset troublesome rhinitis in 42/55. (More)
AIMS To test the clinical accuracy of a web based differential diagnostic tool (ISABEL) for a set of case histories collected during a two stage evaluation. METHODS SETTING acute paediatric units in two teaching and two district general hospitals in the southeast of England. MATERIALS sets of summary clinical features from both stages, and the(More)
Ultrafast computed tomography (CT) can be performed in almost all children with little or no sedation. The benefit has to be balanced against financial cost and radiation dose. Since observing a steady increase in numbers of scans performed, we analyzed the contribution to management of 106 pediatric chest CT scans performed over a 12-month period.(More)
BACKGROUND Computerized decision support systems (DSS) have mainly focused on improving clinicians' diagnostic accuracy in unusual and challenging cases. However, since diagnostic omission errors may predominantly result from incomplete workup in routine clinical practice, the provision of appropriate patient- and context-specific reminders may result in(More)
A 14 day old baby presented with signs of an acute encephalitis. Clinically, herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) was suspected. Early MRI and EEG were normal and there was rapid clinical improvement. A negative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) result on the initial CSF sample seemed to make HSE most unlikely. This diagnosis was subsequently proved after(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnostic error is a significant problem in specialities characterised by diagnostic uncertainty such as primary care, emergency medicine and paediatrics. Despite wide-spread availability, computerised aids have not been shown to significantly improve diagnostic decision-making in a real world environment, mainly due to the need for prolonged(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate the contribution that open lung biopsy makes to the management of children with diffuse interstitial lung disease and to review the procedure-related morbidity in comparison with published literature on other biopsy techniques. The authors reviewed the case notes and histology of patients under 18 yrs who had had an(More)
Primary pulmonary lymphangiectasis is a rare disease, often described as fatal within the neonatal period. We report on an infant who developed severe bilateral chylous pleural effusions with computed tomography (CT) features of pulmonary lymphangiectasis. She recovered spontaneously with supportive treatment only. We discuss aspects of her intensive care(More)