Michael Cools

  • Citations Per Year
Learn More
Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) is a rare complication of Fontan palliation associated with significant morbidity and mortality. It is characterized by the loss of serum proteins into the intestinal lumen, and its pathophysiology likely involves enteral inflammation. Budesonide, an oral steroid, is an attractive treatment option because of its potent(More)
BACKGROUND In boys with suspected partial androgen insensitivity syndrome (PAIS), systematic evidence that supports the long-term prognostic value of identifying a mutation in the androgen receptor gene (AR) is lacking. OBJECTIVE To assess the clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes in young men with suspected PAIS in relation to the results of AR(More)
CONTEXT Only approximately 85% of patients with a clinical diagnosis complete androgen insensitivity syndrome and less than 30% with partial androgen insensitivity syndrome can be explained by inactivating mutations in the androgen receptor (AR) gene. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to clarify this discrepancy by in vitro determination of AR(More)
BACKGROUND Children with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) have been considered at risk for central adrenal insufficiency (CAI). Hypothalamic dysregulation has been proposed as a common mechanism underlying both stress-induced CAI and central respiratory dysfunction during sleep. OBJECTIVE To evaluate CAI and sleep-related breathing disorders in PWS children.(More)
In a retrospective study, asthmatic patients allergic to either house-dust mite (HDM) (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus) (n = 34) or to both HDM and grass pollen (GP) (n = 14), and who were treated with specific immunotherapy (SIT) during childhood (mean duration of SIT: 61 +/- 9.70 months), were re-evaluated in early adulthood after mean cessation of SIT for(More)
Few studies have examined the impact of androgen insensitivity on human spatial learning and memory. In the present study, we tested 11 women with complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS), a rare genetic disorder characterized by complete absence of AR activity, and compared their performance against 20 comparison males and 19 comparison females on a(More)
Genetic studies in Disorders of Sex Development (DSD), representing a wide spectrum of developmental or functional conditions of the gonad, have mainly been oriented towards the coding genome. Application of genomic technologies, such as whole-exome sequencing, result in a molecular genetic diagnosis in ∼50% of cases with DSD. Many of the genes mutated in(More)
Steroidogenic factor 1 (encoded by SF1/NR5A1) is a transcription factor with multiple target genes involved in the development and function of multiple steroidogenic and non-steroidogenic tissues. NR5A1 mutations lead to several phenotypes, including sex reversal, spermatogenesis failure, premature ovarian failure and adrenocortical insufficiency. The(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite lymphocytic or autoimmune infundibuloneurohypophysitis (INH) is an increasingly recognized aetiology in children with central diabetes insipidus (CDI); clinical data on epidemiology (clinical evolution, predisposing factors, complications), diagnosis and management of this entity are limited and mostly based on published case reports. The(More)