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BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) mechanical dyssynchrony (LVMD) has emerged as a therapeutic target using cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in selected patients with chronic heart failure. Current methods used to evaluate LVMD are technically difficult and do not assess LVMD of the whole LV simultaneously. We developed and validated real-time 3D(More)
Inappropriate shocks remain one of the major problems associated with the use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD). We describe 3 patients who had inappropriate shocks due to oversensing of diaphragmatic myopotentials. In all 3, oversensing could be demonstrated during deep inspiration or Valsalva maneuver. The problem was remedied in one by(More)
Heart failure is a common debilitating condition for which pharmacologic therapy thus far has provided only partial relief. Despite, and sometimes because of, medical therapy, the overall prognosis remains poor, with high rates of sudden death and death from progressive heart failure. Device-based therapies offer considerable promise for relief of symptoms(More)
BACKGROUND As the population receiving cardiac device therapy ages, the number of extraction procedures performed in octogenarians is increasing. This group has more comorbidities and may be at higher risk of such procedures. OBJECTIVES Document the safety and success of percutaneous lead extraction in octogenarians. METHODS All extraction cases(More)
Catheter ablation using RF energy is a common treatment for atrial arrhythmias. Although this treatment provides a potential cure, currently, there remains a high proportion of patients returning for repeat ablations. Electrophysiologists have little information to verify that a lesion has been created in the myocardium. Temporary electrical block can be(More)
BACKGROUND T-wave alternans (TWA) is an important noninvasive measure of ventricular arrhythmia vulnerability. This study tested the hypothesis that the autonomic nervous system influences TWA measurement in high-risk subjects with coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS T-wave alternans was measured in 60 patients with coronary artery disease, left(More)
A 74 year old man with dilated cardio-myopathy and right bundle branch block underwent implantation of a biventricular pacemaker for treatment of severe heart failure. When reviewed six weeks later his New York Heart Association functional class had improved from III to I. Using the Sonos 7500 Live 3D system, a real time transthoracic three dimensional(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary vein reconnection after pulmonary vein isolation is common and is usually associated with recurrences of atrial fibrillation. We used cardiac magnetic resonance imaging after radiofrequency ablation to investigate the hypothesis that acute pulmonary vein isolation results from a combination of irreversible and reversible atrial injury.(More)
AIMS The number of procedures involving upgrade or revision of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) is increasing and the risks of adding additional leads are significant. Central venous occlusion in patients with pre-existing devices is often asymptomatic and optimal management of such patients in need of device revision/upgrade is not clear. We(More)