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BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) mechanical dyssynchrony (LVMD) has emerged as a therapeutic target using cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in selected patients with chronic heart failure. Current methods used to evaluate LVMD are technically difficult and do not assess LVMD of the whole LV simultaneously. We developed and validated real-time 3D(More)
BACKGROUND As the population receiving cardiac device therapy ages, the number of extraction procedures performed in octogenarians is increasing. This group has more comorbidities and may be at higher risk of such procedures. OBJECTIVES Document the safety and success of percutaneous lead extraction in octogenarians. METHODS All extraction cases(More)
BACKGROUND T-wave alternans (TWA) is an important noninvasive measure of ventricular arrhythmia vulnerability. This study tested the hypothesis that the autonomic nervous system influences TWA measurement in high-risk subjects with coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS T-wave alternans was measured in 60 patients with coronary artery disease, left(More)
Catheter ablation using RF energy is a common treatment for atrial arrhythmias. Although this treatment provides a potential cure, currently, there remains a high proportion of patients returning for repeat ablations. Electrophysiologists have little information to verify that a lesion has been created in the myocardium. Temporary electrical block can be(More)
BACKGROUND Mental stress and emotion have long been associated with ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death in animal models and humans. The effect of mental challenge on ventricular action potential duration (APD) in conscious healthy humans has not been reported. METHODS AND RESULTS Activation recovery intervals measured from unipolar electrograms as a(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary vein reconnection after pulmonary vein isolation is common and is usually associated with recurrences of atrial fibrillation. We used cardiac magnetic resonance imaging after radiofrequency ablation to investigate the hypothesis that acute pulmonary vein isolation results from a combination of irreversible and reversible atrial injury.(More)
BACKGROUND Studies have reported an inverse relationship between late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) signal intensity and left atrial (LA) endocardial voltage after LA ablation. However, there is controversy regarding the reproducibility of atrial LGE CMR and its ability to identify gaps in ablation lesions. Using systematic(More)
The motion and deformation of catheters that lie inside cardiac structures can provide valuable information about the motion of the heart. In this paper we describe the formation of a novel statistical model of the motion of a coronary sinus (CS) catheter based on principal component analysis of tracked electrode locations from standard mono-plane x-ray(More)
We describe a system for respiratory motion correction of MRI-derived roadmaps for use in X-ray guided cardiac catheterisation procedures. The technique uses a subject-specific affine motion model that is quickly constructed from a short pre-procedure MRI scan. We test a dynamic MRI sequence that acquires a small number of high resolution slices, rather(More)