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OBJECTIVE The development of diastolic dysfunction (DDF) is multifactorial. Possible mechanisms include metabolic disturbances, myocardial fibrosis, chronic inflammation and endothelial dysfunction.(More)
BACKGROUND Increased muscle mass index of the left ventricle (LVMi) is an independent predictor for the development of symptoms in patients with asymptomatic aortic stenosis (AS). While the onset of(More)