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Micro- and macrovascular diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality in the diabetic population, but the cellular and molecular mechanisms that link hyperglycemia to these complications remain incompletely understood. We proposed that in human diabetes, inhibition by glycation of the complement regulatory protein CD59 increases deposition of the(More)
The use of endosseous titanium implants is the standard of care in dentistry and orthopaedic surgery. Nevertheless, implantation in low-density bone has a poor prognosis and experimental studies show delayed implant anchorage following gonadectomy-induced bone loss. Intermittently administered human parathyroid hormone 1-34 [iahPTH(1-34)] is the leading(More)
Considerable evidence indicates that the general blockade of protein synthesis prevents both the initial consolidation and the postretrieval reconsolidation of long-term memories. These findings come largely from studies of drugs that block ribosomal function, so as to globally interfere with both cap-dependent and -independent forms of translation. Here we(More)
Capacitative Ca2+ entry is a component of the inositol-lipid signaling in which depletion of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3)-sensitive Ca2+ stores activates Ca2+ influx by a mechanism that is still unknown. This pathway plays a central role in cellular signaling, which is mediated by many hormones, neurotransmitters, and growth factors. Studies of(More)
The thyroid hormone receptor (TR) and retinoic acid receptor (RAR) isoforms interact with the nuclear corepressors [NCoR (nuclear corepressor protein) and SMRT (silencing mediator for retinoid and thyroid hormone receptors)] in the absence of ligand to silence transcription. NCoR and SMRT contain C-terminal nuclear hormone receptor (NHR) interacting domains(More)
The osteogenic growth peptide (OGP) is a key factor in the mechanism of the systemic osteogenic response to local bone marrow injury. Recent histologic studies have shown that OGP enhances fracture healing in experimental animals. To assess the effect of systemically administered OGP on the biomechanical and quantitative structural properties of the(More)
BACKGROUND Statins, potent compounds that inhibit cholesterol synthesis in the liver have been reported to induce bone formation, both in tissue culture and in rats and mice. To re-examine potential anabolic effects of statins on bone formation, we compared the activity of simvastatin (SVS) to the known anabolic effects of PTH in an established model of(More)
Assembly of the eIF4E/eIF4G complex has a central role in the regulation of gene expression at the level of translation initiation. This complex is regulated by the 4E-BPs, which compete with eIF4G for binding to eIF4E and which have tumor-suppressor activity. To pharmacologically mimic 4E-BP function we developed a high-throughput screening assay for(More)
This article describes a new concept of medium- and long-range cyclization of peptides through "backbone cyclization." In this approach, conformational constraints are conferred on a peptide by linking omega-substituted alkylidene chains replacing N(alpha) or C(alpha) hydrogens in a peptidic backbone. Backbone cyclization, which is divided into N-backbone(More)