Michael Cameron

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Damage to the insular cortex can profoundly disrupt tobacco addiction in human smokers, reflected in spontaneous cessation of the tobacco habit and persistently decreased urge to smoke. Little is known concerning the neurobiological mechanisms through which the insula may control the maintenance of the tobacco habit. Emerging evidence suggests that(More)
Homology search is a key tool for understanding the role, structure, and biochemical function of genomic sequences. The most popular technique for rapid homology search is blast, which has been in widespread use within universities, research centers, and commercial enterprises since the early 1990s. In this paper, we propose a new step in the blast(More)
Synchronizing rhythms of behaviour and metabolic processes is important for cardiovascular health and preventing metabolic diseases. The nuclear receptors REV-ERB-α and REV-ERB-β have an integral role in regulating the expression of core clock proteins driving rhythms in activity and metabolism. Here we describe the identification of potent synthetic(More)
Despite widespread use of antidepressants, the factors underlying the behavioral response to antidepressants are unknown. It has been shown that antidepressant treatment promotes the proliferation and survival of neurons in the adult hippocampus via enhanced serotonergic signaling, but it is unclear whether hippocampal neurogenesis is responsible for the(More)
Current molecular tools lack the ability to differentiate the activity of CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 in biological samples such as human liver microsomes. Kinetic experiments and the CYP3A4 crystal structure indicate that the active sites of both enzymes are large and flexible, and have more than one binding subsite within the active site.(More)
Strong evidence exists for interactions of zwitterionic phosphate and amine groups in sphingosine-1 phosphate (S1P) to conserved Arg and Glu residues present at the extracellular face of the third transmembrane domain of S1P receptors. The contribution of Arg(120) and Glu(121) for high-affinity ligand-receptor interactions is essential, because single-point(More)
BLAST is the most popular bioinformatics tool and is used to run millions of queries each day. However, evaluating such queries is slow, taking typically minutes on modern workstations. Therefore, continuing evolution of BLAST--by improving its algorithms and optimizations--is essential to improve search times in the face of exponentially increasing(More)
Targeted therapies have demonstrated efficacy against specific subsets of molecularly defined cancers. Although most patients with lung cancer are stratified according to a single oncogenic driver, cancers harbouring identical activating genetic mutations show large variations in their responses to the same targeted therapy. The biology underlying this(More)
The archetypal white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium has been shown to degrade a variety of persistent environmental pollutants. Many of the enzymes responsible for pollutant degradation, which are normally involved in the degradation of wood, are extracellular. Thus, P. chrysosporium is able to degrade toxic or insoluble chemicals more efficiently(More)
The amygdala-dependent molecular mechanisms driving the onset and persistence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are poorly understood. Recent observational studies have suggested that opioid analgesia in the aftermath of trauma may decrease the development of PTSD. Using a mouse model of dysregulated fear, we found altered expression within the(More)