Learn More
Damage to the insular cortex can profoundly disrupt tobacco addiction in human smokers, reflected in spontaneous cessation of the tobacco habit and persistently decreased urge to smoke. Little is known concerning the neurobiological mechanisms through which the insula may control the maintenance of the tobacco habit. Emerging evidence suggests that(More)
Current molecular tools lack the ability to differentiate the activity of CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 in biological samples such as human liver microsomes. Kinetic experiments and the CYP3A4 crystal structure indicate that the active sites of both enzymes are large and flexible, and have more than one binding subsite within the active site.(More)
The retinoic acid receptor-related receptors (RORs) are members of the nuclear receptor (NR) superfamily of transcription factors. Several NRs are still characterized as orphan receptors because ligands have not yet been identified for these proteins. Here, we describe the identification of a synthetic RORα/RORγ ligand, SR1078. SR1078 modulates the(More)
Targeted therapies have demonstrated efficacy against specific subsets of molecularly defined cancers. Although most patients with lung cancer are stratified according to a single oncogenic driver, cancers harbouring identical activating genetic mutations show large variations in their responses to the same targeted therapy. The biology underlying this(More)
Synchronizing rhythms of behaviour and metabolic processes is important for cardiovascular health and preventing metabolic diseases. The nuclear receptors REV-ERB-α and REV-ERB-β have an integral role in regulating the expression of core clock proteins driving rhythms in activity and metabolism. Here we describe the identification of potent synthetic(More)
The amygdala-dependent molecular mechanisms driving the onset and persistence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are poorly understood. Recent observational studies have suggested that opioid analgesia in the aftermath of trauma may decrease the development of PTSD. Using a mouse model of dysregulated fear, we found altered expression within the(More)
We present a novel approach to managing redundancy in sequence databanks such as GenBank. We store clusters of near-identical sequences as a representative union-sequence and a set of corresponding edits to that sequence. During search, the query is compared to only the union-sequences representing each cluster; cluster members are then only reconstructed(More)
Despite widespread use of antidepressants, the factors underlying the behavioral response to antidepressants are unknown. It has been shown that antidepressant treatment promotes the proliferation and survival of neurons in the adult hippocampus via enhanced serotonergic signaling, but it is unclear whether hippocampal neurogenesis is responsible for the(More)
The archetypal white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium has been shown to degrade a variety of persistent environmental pollutants. Many of the enzymes responsible for pollutant degradation, which are normally involved in the degradation of wood, are extracellular. Thus, P. chrysosporium is able to degrade toxic or insoluble chemicals more efficiently(More)
Biodegradation of two superabsorbent polymers, a crosslinked, insoluble polyacrylate and an insoluble polyacrylate/ polyacrylamide copolymer, in soil by the white-rot fungus, Phanerochaete chrysosporium was investigated. The polymers were both solubilized and mineralized by the fungus but solubilization and mineralization of the copolymer was much more(More)