Michael C Witte

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BACKGROUND Preclinical studies suggest that exogenous surfactant may be of value in the treatment of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and two phase 2 clinical trials have shown a trend toward benefit. We conducted two phase 3 studies of a protein-containing surfactant in adults with ARDS. METHODS In two multicenter, randomized, double-blind(More)
Fiberoptic bronchoscopy and transbronchial needle aspiration were performed on 50 occasions in 47 afebrile patients. The aspirations were followed by endobronchial or transbronchial biopsies in 22 patients, as well as bronchial brushings and washings where appropriate. Blood for cultures was drawn at 5 and 30 minutes following needle aspiration, as well as(More)
We did a cross-sectional evaluation of the effect of heavy cigarette smoking on bone mass using single photon absorptiometry (SPA) of the radius in 35 smokers (24 women, 11 men) and 35 nonsmokers (24 women, 11 men). Individuals from the two groups were carefully matched for sex, age, weight, height, calcium intake, and, for women, menopausal history and(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent studies have identified the capacity of transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) to stimulate mammalian labyrinthine hair cell regeneration after acute ototoxic damage. Augmenting hair cell regeneration with such growth factors may have a role in potentiation of recovery of cochlear function after hair cell injury. Transtympanic(More)
We demonstrate the hohlraum radiation temperature and symmetry required for ignition-scale inertial confinement fusion capsule implosions. Cryogenic gas-filled hohlraums with 2.2 mm-diameter capsules are heated with unprecedented laser energies of 1.2 MJ delivered by 192 ultraviolet laser beams on the National Ignition Facility. Laser backscatter(More)
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