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Nuclease-resistant aptamers identified from randomized nucleic acid libraries represent a novel class of drug candidates. Aptamers are synthesized chemically and therefore can be readily modified with functional groups that modulate their properties. We report here on the preparation, initial characterization, and functional properties of a(More)
The Oxytricha telomere protein specifically recognizes single-stranded telomeric DNA, forming an extremely salt resistant and kinetically stable nucleoprotein complex. The absence of information on how this heterodimeric protein binds to DNA prompted this photo-cross-linking study. Multiple protein-DNA photo-cross-links are formed upon UV irradiation of(More)
We have used an in vitro selection procedure called crosslinking SELEX (SELEX = systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment) to identify RNA sequences that bind with high affinity and crosslink to the Rev protein from human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). A randomized RNA library substituted with the photoreactive chromophore(More)
Selectins participate in the initial events leading to leukocyte extravasation from the blood into tissues. Thus the selectins have generated much interest as targets for antiinflammatory agents. Therapeutic molecules based on the monomeric carbohydrate ligand sialyl Lewis X (SLe(X)) have low affinities and are not specific for a given selectin. Using SELEX(More)
Alkyne appended lanthanide complexes derived from DO3A undergo copper catalysed cycloaddition reactions with azides to form triazole appended complexes: coordination of one of the triazole nitrogen atoms to the metal centre changes the local coordination environment and the spectroscopic properties of the complex.
BACKGROUND Aptamers are single-stranded oligonucleotides derived from an in vitro evolution protocol called systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX). They bind tightly and specifically to target molecules; most aptamers to proteins bind with Kds (equilibrium dissociation constant) in the range of 1 pM to 1 nM. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
In vitro selection techniques provide a means of isolating nucleic acid ligands for binding to particular protein targets. Although most aptamers have quite high affinities for their target proteins, it has been shown that post-SELEX modification can result in further enhancement of binding affinity, as well as other desired properties. This has led to the(More)
5-Iodouracil-substituted RNA and DNA were crosslinked regiospecifically to associated proteins in yields of 70 to 94% of bound nucleic acid. Irradiation of the iodouracil chromophore with monochromatic, long-wavelength ultraviolet radiation (325 nanometers) eliminates excitation of other nucleic acid and protein chromophores. The combination of high(More)
High sensitivity and specificity of two modified ssDNA aptamers capable of photocross-linking recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF((155))) were demonstrated. The aptamers were identified through a novel, covalent, in vitro selection methodology called photochemical systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (PhotoSELEX). The(More)